Definition
Some words are satisfied spending an evening at home, alone, eating ice-cream right out of the box, watching Seinfeld re-runs on TV, or reading a good book. Others aren't happy unless they're out on the town, mixing it up with other words; they're joiners and they just can't help themselves. A conjunction is a joiner, a word that connects (conjoins) parts of a sentence.

The following are the kinds of conjunctions:


 A. COORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS 
for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so
Coordinating conjunctions join equals to one another:
            words to words,          phrases to phrases,          clauses to clauses.

         
Coordinating conjunctions usually form looser connections than other conjunctions do.

Coordinating conjunctions go in between items joined, not at the beginning or end.
       
Punctuation with coordinating conjunctions:
When a coordinating conjunction joins two words, phrases, or subordinate clauses, no comma should be placed before the conjunction.
            
A coordinating conjunction joining three or more words, phrases, or subordinate clauses creates a series and requires commas between the elements.
            
A coordinating conjunction joining two independent clauses creates a compound sentence and requires a comma before the coordinating conjunction
           
   
        
B. CORRELATIVE CONJUNCTIONS
either. . .orboth. . . and
neither. . . nornot only. . .  but also
             
These pairs of conjunctions require equal (parallel) structures after each one.
C. CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
These conjunctions join independent clauses together.

The following are frequently used conjunctive adverbs:

after allin additionnext
alsoincidentallynonetheless
as a resultindeedon the contrary
besidesin facton the other hand
consequentlyin other wordsotherwise
finallyinsteadstill
for examplelikewisethen
furthermoremeanwhiletherefore
hencemoreoverthus
howevernevertheless


Punctuation:

Place a semicolon before the conjunctive adverb and a comma after the conjunctive adverb.

D. SUBORDINATING CONJUNCTIONS

These words are commonly used as subordinating conjunctions

after
in order (that)
unless
although
insofar as
until
as
in that
when
as far as
lest
whenever
as soon as
no matter how
where
as if
now that
wherever
as though
once
whether
because
provided (that)
while
before
since
why
even if
so that
even though
supposing (that)
how
than
if
that
inasmuch as
though
in case (that)
till



Subordinating conjunctions also join two clauses together, but in doing so, they make one clause dependent (or "subordinate") upon the other.
A subordinating conjunction may appear at a sentence beginning or between two clauses in a sentence.
   
A subordinate conjunction usually provides a tighter connection between clauses than a coordinating conjunctions does.


Loose:
It is raining, so we have an umbrella.
Tight:
Because it is raining, we have an umbrella.

Punctuation Note:
When the dependent clause is placed first in a sentence, use a comma between the two clauses.
When the independent clause is placed first and the dependent clause second, do not 
separate the two clauses with a comma.

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