What is an Appositive?
An appositive is a noun or a noun phrase placed next to another word to define or modify it. For example, in the phrase "my friend Leila," the noun "Leila" is an appositive.
Restrictive versus non-restrictive
An appositive can either be restrictive, or non-restrictive.
1. Non-restrictive appositives are not crucial to the meaning of the sentence. For example, in "Alan, the chief executive of the project, has just called for a meeting ", "the chief executive of the project" doesn't narrow down the first element "Alan". It rather provides additional information about it. Non-restrictive appositives are put between commas.
2. In a Restrictive appositive, the second element limits or clarifies a word in some crucial way. For example, in the phrase "my friend Leila writes good poems ", the name " Leila" tells us which friend the speaker is talking about and is thus restrictive. Restrictive appositives don't need to be set off with a pair of commas.
Examples of appositives
- Mexico City, the biggest city in the world, has many interesting archaeological sites.
- Denver, the capital of Colorado, is beautiful.
- My friend bill is very rich.
With our free PDF notes you can get success in any competitive or entrance exams like CTET, KVS, NET, CAT, MAT, CMAT, SSC, B.ED, IBPS Recruitment, IAS, CSAT, State Civil Services Exams, UPTET, PSTET, HTET & many more. It also provides NCERT solutions, CBSE, NTSE, Olympiad study material, Indian General Knowledge, English, Hindi, Mathematics, Current affairs, Science, S.ST, model test papers, important Questions and Answers asked in CBSE examinations.