By the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution, adopted in 1976, Fundamental Duties of the citizens have also been enumerated. Article 51 ‘A’ contained in Part IV A of the Constitution deals with Fundamental Duties.These enjoin upon a citizen among other things, to abide by the Constitution, to cherish and follow noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom, to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so and to promote harmony and spirit of common brotherhood amongst all people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities.
The Ten Fundamental Duties of Citizens
- Respect the Constitution, the national flag and the national anthem;
- Cherish the noble ideals of the freedom struggle;
- Uphold and project the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
- Defend the country and render national service when called;
- Promote the common brotherhood of all the people of India and renounce any practice derogatory to the dignity of women;
- Preserve the rich heritage of the national composite culture;
- Protect the natural environment and have compassion for living creatures;
- Develop scientific temper, humanism and spirit of inquiry and reform;
- Safeguard public property and abjure violence;
- Strive for excellence in all individual and collective activity.
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