Definition
We use possessive pronouns to refer to a specific person/people or thing/things (the "antecedent") belonging to a person/people (and sometimes belonging to an animal/animals or thing/things).

We use possessive pronouns depending on:
  • number: singular (eg: mine) or plural (eg: ours)
  • person: 1st person (eg: mine), 2nd person (eg: yours) or 3rd person (eg: his)
  • gender: male (his), female (hers)
Below are the possessive pronouns, followed by some example sentences. Notice that each possessive pronoun can:
  • be subject or object
  • refer to a singular or plural antecedent
number
person
gender (of "owner")
possessive pronouns
singular
1st
male/female
mine
2nd
male/female
yours
3rd
male
his
female
hers
plural
1st
male/female
ours
2nd
male/female
yours
3rd
male/female/neuter
theirs

Examples


This is our house. It's ours.
This is my bedroom. It's mine.
This is my brother's bike. It's his.


Subject Pronouns
I
you
he
she
it
we
you
they
Possessive
Adjectives
my
your
his
her
its
our
your
their
Pronouns
mine
yours
his
hers
its
ours
yours
theirs

The words "mine, yours, his, hers, its , ours, theirs" are possessive pronouns. They show who or what something belongs to.

Note
1. A possessive pronoun differs from a possessive adjective.

Examples:
·         What color is your brother's jacket?

His jacket is black.
(your and his are possessive adjectives; your and his modify the noun jacket in both examples)

·         What color is yours?

Mine is blue.
(yours and mine are possessive pronouns - yours functions as a subject complement in the first example; mine functions as a subject in the second example)

2. "It's" is not a possessive pronoun or adjective; it is a contraction of it is or it has.
Example:
·         It's not my book = it is not my book
·         It's got five bedrooms = it has got five bedrooms


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