Social Development of Upper Primary School Children (6-14 years old)

Children are not like machines with gradually developing abilities. The development of various aspects like physical, social, emotional, intellectual, etc., are simultaneous. Therefore, their development is inter-dependent and also inter-related with the development of cognitive skills. self-concepts, ways of interacting with others, social attitudes and values. Like cognitive development, social development proceeds in stages.

Upper Primary School Children (6-14 years)

  • A child's social development during the primary grades is shaped by three major influences. First are the parents and the family, the second is the peer group and the third is the school experience.
  • During this stage children start trying to prove that they are really grown up. This is often. described as the "I - can - do - it - myself' stage. 
  • Children's powers of concentration grow, they can spend more time on chosen tasks and often take pleasure in completing them. 
  • This stage also includes the growth of independent action, cooperation with groups, performing in socially acceptable ways, and a concern for fair play.
  • By the sixth grade, students often form groups that include both boys and girls. Whatever the composition of peer groups, they serve important purposes to shape their social behavior. 
  • The children compare their abilities and skills with those of other children. Members of peer groups also exchange notes with one another about their different worlds. 
  • Children learn to sort out and form their own attitudes and values. 
  • For both boys and girls in the upper primary grades, the membership of groups tends to promote feelings of self-worth. Not being accepted by the group can bring serious emotional problems.

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