Clipping refers to the reduction of a polysyllabic word by dropping a syllable or more from it. Clipping is also called truncation or shortening.
In other words Clipping is one of the ways new words are created in English. It involves the shortening of a longer word, often reducing it to one syllable. Many examples are very informal or slang.
- spec = speculation
- vet = veteran
There are four types of clipping:
The four types of clipping are back clipping, fore-clipping, middle clipping, and complex clipping.
Back clipping is removing the end of a word as in from .In this type the beginning is retained. Examples:
· ad = advertisement
· cable = cablegram
· doc = doctor
· exam = examination
· fax = facsimile
· gas = gasoline
· gym = gymnastics, gymnasium
· memo = memorandum
· pub = public house
· pop = popular music
Fore-clipping is removing the beginning of a word as in from . The final part is retained:
· chute = parachute
· coon = raccoon
· gator = alligator
· phone = telephone
Middle clipping is retaining only the middle of a word as in from . The middle part is retained.
· flu = influenza
· fridge = refrigerator
Complex clipping is removing multiple parts from multiple words as in from Clipping may also occur in compounds. In complex clipping, one part of the original compound most often remains intact. But sometimes both halves of a compound are clipped:
· cablegram= cable telegram
· op art = optical art
· org-man= organization man
· linocut = linoleum cut
· navicert = navigation certificate
When both halves are clipped, as in navicert, it becomes confusing whether to consider the resultant formation as clippingor as blending.
With our free PDF notes you can get success in any competitive or entrance exams like CTET, KVS, NET, CAT, MAT, CMAT, SSC, B.ED, IBPS Recruitment, IAS, CSAT, State Civil Services Exams, UPTET, PSTET, HTET & many more. It also provides NCERT solutions, CBSE, NTSE, Olympiad study material, Indian General Knowledge, English, Hindi, Mathematics, Current affairs, Science, S.ST, model test papers, important Questions and Answers asked in CBSE examinations.