1. The disadvantaged child’s chances for success in school will be maximized when:
(1) He/she is given a high concentration of skills subjects
(2) He/she is provided with vocational training earlier than other children
(3) He/she is treated like any other child
(4) His/her intellectual potential is discovered and his/her educational deficiencies are overcome  

2. According to John Bowlby, children become depressed as a result of
(1) Self-devaluing cognitive schema.
(2) Exposure to prolonged, uncontrollable negative experiences.
(3) Insecure attachments  
(4) Living with depressed parents.

3. “The individual develops through the head, the heart, and the hand”, this was the educational philosophy of:
(1) Herbart
(2) Comenius
(3) Pestalozzi  
(4) Froebel

4. Asking questions form the students is an important aspect of teaching. What purpose does it achieve?
(1) Students may remain alert
(2) Students should understand the lesson
(3) Students should participate actively in going through the lesson
(4) All the three depending on the subject taught  

5. A teacher can motivate the students by-
(1) giving suitable prizes
(2) giving proper guidance  
(3) giving examples
(4) delivering speech in class

6. A parent of a fourth grader refuse to give permission for her child to go on a class trip. The teacher should first:
(1) Refer the matter to the guidance counselor
(2) Confer with the parent to discuss the educational purpose of the trip

(3) Give the class a homework assignment for all parents to sign; giving reasons
why each child wants to go on the trip
(4) Ask another teacher in the same grade to take that child on the day of the trip

7. The cognitive structures into which children organize their behaviour and knowledge are called
(1) Accommodations
(2) Frameworks
(3) Operations
(4) Schemata  

8. An increase in comprehension skill is most likely to result from:
(1) Guided silent reading  
(2) Guided oral reading
(3) Unstructured silent reading
(4) The teacher reading to the class

9. Education is called a triangular process. Which are the three sides of the triangle?
(1) School, Knowledge, Teacher
(2) Books, School, Teacher
(3) Social environment, Teacher and Students  
(4) None of these

10. Piaget claimed that all of the following are true of his stages of cognitive development EXCEPT:
(1) All children progress through the various stages at exactly the same age.

(2) All children throughout the world pass through the stages in the same order.
(3) All normal children reach the stage of concrete operations.
(4) The changes from stage to stage can sometimes be very abrupt.

11. Kindergarten system of education was contributed by-
(1) T. P. Nunn
(2) Spencer
(3) Froebel  
(4) Montessori

12. A child who frequently loses his/her place where reading can be temporarily helped  by
(1) Allowing him/her to fingerpoint
(2) Giving him/her a card to place under each line being read  
(3) Providing him/her with a large-print reader such as those used by the visually handicapped
(4) Letting him/her listen to taped stores

13. Of the following activities in a science class, the one with least educational value is
(1) Viewing a filmstrip
(2) Constructing a model
(3) Drawing a design
(4) Reading about a simple experiment  

14. Montessori System of education is based on
(1) Freedom to the child to play games
(2) Motivation of children by the teachers
(3) Development of the talents of the child
(4) Freedom to the child to express his interests  

15. Piaget's theory of cognitive development has been criticized for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
(1) Piaget may have been incorrect in suggesting that children pass through the stages in an unvarying sequence.
(2) Certain tasks may be solved without the underlying operations that Piaget claimed were necessary.
(3) Piaget underestimated the capabilities of infants.

(4) Cross-cultural findings suggest that Piaget may have overemphasized the importance of schooling and other experiential factors.  

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