Problems of Language Development
Children develop language skills through socialisation. School is a socialising agency where children learn their language. But all children are not in equal their language ability.Some children face problems in this regard. The main problems of language development faced by children are presented as follows :
- Lack of initial listening and speaking opportunities.
- Inability to express through the spoken or written medium.
- Blocks due to genetic impairment of emotional problems of an impoverished environment.
- Ambiguities in comprehension such as phonological, lexical or deep structural ambiguities, etc.
- Inadequate cognition of word meanings.
- Poor concept development.
- Over emphasis on writing prematurely.
Implications for Teachers
The effective teacher should be aware of the problems faced by students in the classroom. He should create a homely environment in his class where students feel free to express and share their feelings, opinions and viewpoints with their teacher. Such an environment will facilitate the acquisition of language competency.
- Language is learned and developed in a social context for functional purposes.
- For older children, one should provide ample scope to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing skills.
- One should create settings where language may be used for various purposes.
- One should be cognisant of multilingual interferences, identify them and provide remedies.
- One should encourage students creative efforts.
- One should de-emphasise excessive writing or rote repetition, provide a relaxed environment for free expression of ideas, thoughts and feelings, provide structural and semi-structural setting to express verbal and non-verbal ideas, organise debates, class discussions and displays, etc.
- One should help students develop early reading habits and enable them to do book reviews.