Understanding Elementary Shapes Summary
Lines and Angles
Length of a line segment:
The distance between the endpoints of a line segment is the length of the line segment. The length of a line segment can be measured accurately using a ruler and a divider.
One quadrant = 1 4 (complete angle) = 1 4 x 360° = 90°
Two quadrants = 1 2 (complete angle) = 1 2 x 360° = 180°
Three quadrants = 3 4 (complete angle) = 3 4 x 360° = 270°
An angle that measures 90° is called a right angle. A right angle makes a quarter revolution.
An angle that measures 180° is called a straight angle. A straight angle makes a half revolution.
An angle that measures less than 90° is called an acute angle.
An angle that measures more than 90° and less than 180° is called an obtuse angle.
An angle that measures more than 180° is called a reflex angle.
Two lines that meet each other at a single point are called intersecting lines.
Two lines that intersect each other at right angles are said to be perpendicular to each other.
Bisector of a line segment:
A bisector of a line segment is a line that divides the line segment into two equal parts.
Perpendicular bisector of a line segment:
The perpendicular line that divides a line segment into two equal parts is called the perpendicular bisector of the line segment.
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