CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Science
Ashoka, The Emperor Who Gave Up War
The Mauryan Empire: Chapter Summary
The Mauryan Empire was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, 2,000 years back when he overthrew the Nanda King. His assistant was Chanakya, a shrewd advisor and strategic thinker. He has written a book called Arthashastra that comprises his thoughts on politics, economics, foreign affirs, administration, military arts, war and religion.
Chandragupta was succeeded by Bindusara, his son who extended the Mauryan Empire till Mysore. Bindusara was succeeded by his son Ashoka, who is regarded as the greatest ruler of the empire by many historians. He extended the Mauryan Empire till the modern-day Afghanistan, with Patliputra as capital.
The Mauryan Emperors appointed the family members to control the large empire. Only the capital Patliputra was controlled by the emperor while states like Ujjain and Taxila were governed by royal princes. The Emperors also appointed officials for collecting taxes, maintaining law and order and keeping a check on the activities of the subjects.
Numerous army battalions were maintained for protection against attacks, which required expenditure on salaries. Hence, the system of taxes was introduced in the empire. The three lions or the Lion capital on the Indian Currency notes and coins are from the edicts of the Mauryan Empire which were found at Sarnath.
Ashoka: Chapter Summary
During the expansion of his empire, Asoka led a war against Kalinga on the east coast of India in the present-day state of Odisha. Despite his success he was devastated by violence of the war. Consequently, he gave up violence and turned to Buddhism.
He spread dharma far and wide by putting up edicts and appointing Dharma Mahamattas. He sent messengers including his son mahendra, daughter Sanghamitra to other countries such as Greece, Egypt, Srilanka.
Despite Ashoka's vigorous exertions of faith, he was tolerant of other religions. The empire enjoyed remarkable prosperity during his reign.
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