CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 3  

From Gathering to Growing Food 

Towards a Settled Life : Chapter Summary

Increase in Earth’s temperature melted the ice sheets making the climate warm and favorable for growing grass and other plants. This realization by man started the activity of agriculture and grass-eating animals and he developed from a nomadic to being a farmer and herder.

With agricultural activities developing, man stayed in one area for long time. Houses were built according to the climatic conditions like heat, rain, wind and cold. The early man settled down in groups with 2-3 generations living in each family and together these families formed a tribe.

Each tribe had its own unique traditions, language and music and every member in the tribe played a specific role. The historians have studied various archaeological sites to gather information on the early man.

CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer

Q1. Why the dog was perhaps the first animal to be tamed? Following could be the possible reasons:

1. Dogs could help the ancient people in hunting.

2. Dogs provided security and safety to humans and their food from wild animals.
3. Dogs were relatively gentle as compared to other wild animals.

Q2. Define ‘domestication’?
It is the process in which people grow plants and look after animals.

Q3. Why do people who grow crops have to stay in the same place for a long time? 
When people began growing plants, it meant that they had to stay in the same place for a long time looking after the plants, watering, weeding, driving away animals and birds- till the grain ripened and then the gain had to be used carefully.

Q4. What are the main differences we find in Neolithic and Paleolithic tools?
In Neolithic age (new stone age-8000 to 4000BC), man progressed further and his tools were better than the tools used in Paleolithic age (old stone age- 50000 to 10000 BC).
1.  Neolithic tools were polished to give a fine cutting edge.
2.  Mortars and pestles used for grinding grain and other plant produce.
3.  Axes, sickles, spears, bows and arrows were used in Neolithic age.

Q6. List where Neolithic sites were found in India?
Neolithic sites were found in Mehrgarh (now in Pakistan), Burzahom
(Jammu and Kashmir region), Chirand (Bihar), Daojali Hading (near Brahmaputra valley).

CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 3  From Gathering to Growing Food, Towards a Settled Life , CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer, CBSE NCERT Solution, From Gathering to Growing Food, Towards a Settled Life : Chapter Summary.Q7. How was the life of the people who lived during Neolithic age different from those who lived in Paleolithic age?
By the time man entered Neolithic age, he left his nomadic life. Earlier he was hunter and food gatherer. During Neolithic age he started agriculture and herding.

Q8. Name the earliest domesticated animals?
Sheep and Goat were the earliest domesticated animals.

Q9. Name the earliest plants to be grown?
Earliest plants to be grown were Wheat and Barley.

Q10. List three important developments that occurred in Neolithic age? The three important developments of Neolithic age were as follows:
1.  Beginning of agricultural practices.
2.  Making of pottery.
3.  Invention of wheel.
4. Beginning of human settlements.

Q11. How can animals be termed as store house of the food?
Animals multiply naturally. Besides, if they are looked after carefully, they provide milk, which is an important source of food, and meat, whenever required. In other words, animals that are reared can be used as a ‘store’ of food.

Q12. What were pit houses?
Archaeologists have found traces of huts or houses at some sites. For instance, in Burzahom (in present-day Kashmir) people built pit-houses, which were dug into the ground, with steps leading into them. These may have provided shelter in cold weather.

Q13. What are tribes? State some of the features of the tribal lives.
Usually two to three generations live together in small settlements or villages. Most families are related to one another and groups of such families form a tribe.
Members of a tribe follow occupations such as hunting, gathering, farming, herding and fishing.
Some men are regarded as leaders. They may be old and experienced, or young, brave warriors, or priests. Old women are respected for their wisdom and experience.
Tribes have rich and unique cultural traditions, including their own language, music, stories and paintings. They also have their own gods and goddesses.
Land, forests, grasslands and water are regarded as the wealth of the entire tribe, and everybody shares and uses these together. There are no sharp differences between the rich and the poor.

Q14. What types of houses were found at Mehrgarh Neolithic site?
During excavation, square or rectangular houses were found. Each house had four or more compartments, some of which may have been used for storage.

Q15. Why do archaeologists think that many people who lived in Mehrgarh were hunters to start with and that herding became more important later?
Archaeologists who excavated the site found evidence of many kinds of animal bones from the earliest levels. These included bones of wild animals such as the deer and pig. In later levels, they found more bones of sheep and goat, and in still later levels, cattle bones are most common, suggesting that this was the animal that was generally kept by the people.

Q16. How can you say the people in Mehrgarh believed in life after death?
When people die, their relatives and friends generally pay respect to them. People look after them, perhaps in the belief that there is some form of life after death. Burial is one such arrangement.
Several burial sites have been found at Mehrgarh. In one instance, the dead person was buried with goats, which were probably meant to serve as food in the next world.

Q17. Write few lines on Daojali Hading.
·       This is a site on the hills near the Brahmaputra Valley, close to routes leading into China and Myanmar.
·        Here stone tools, including mortars and pestles, have been found. These indicate that people were probably growing grain and preparing food from it.
·        Other finds include jadeite, a stone that may have been brought from China. Also common are finds of tools made of fossil wood (ancient wood that has hardened into stone), and pottery.

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