CTET Exam Notes : Child Development and Pedagogy (CDP) 


Inclusive Education

Inclusive in education is an approach once thought only necessary for educating students with special educational needs. Now it is crucial that all teachers ensure inclusive practice for all students in their classroom and the wider school. Under the inclusion model, students with special needs spend most or all of their time with non-disabled students. Implementation of these practices varies. Schools most frequently use them for selected students with mild to severe special needs.

Inclusive education differs from previously held notions of integration and mainstreaming, which tended to be concerned principally with disability and ‘special educational needs’ and implied learners changing or becoming ‘ready for’ or deserving of accommodation by the mainstream. By contrast, inclusion is about the child’s right to participate and the school’s duty to accept the child. Inclusion rejects the use of special schools or classrooms to separate students with disabilities from students without disabilities. A premium is placed upon full participation by students with disabilities and upon respect for their social, civil, and educational rights. Inclusion gives students with disabilities skills they can use in and out of the classroom.

Inclusive Education: What is it all about?

Inclusive Education, Type and levels of Disabilities, Identification of children with disabilities, CDP Notes, CTET Exam Notes, Child Development & Pedagogy Study MaterialSince independence, year after year the goal of UEE is set, but never achieved so far. One doesn’t realise that millions of children in this world are victims of genetic disorders. This “disorder” often puts the victims into a very disadvantageous position, not merely because of the “disorder” but due to lack of proper understanding by the others/all. Education for all, means, the system should bring all the category of the children in the age group of 6-14 years into the school fold. No one can be denied. In this context, efforts are being made to integrate children with the “disorders” into the school system and facilitate learning by making curriculum adaptation.
This “facilitation” calls for a systematic planning with regard to children teachers, teaching learning material, classroom management and material management, starting from classroom to state level. The training institute (DIET) at the district level plays a prominent role in promoting elementary education in terms of quantity, quality and equity.
Reference: http://wikieducator.org/Inclusive_Education
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