CTET 2015 Exam Notes : TEACHING OF ENGLISH
Bilingual method is a recently developed and invented by Prof. J Dodson of Wales. Bilingual method means a method in which two languages i.e. the language to be learnt and mother tongue are used.
In translation method, the some two languages are used. But there is great difference between these two methods. It is a unique method which is a midway between two old methods translation cum grammar method and direct method.
The word 'Bilingual' applies to a person who knows two languages- the mother tongue and the foreign or second language. In bilingual method, the emphasis is on pattern practice. Mother tongue is only used to make the meanings of English words. Mother tongue has restricted use in Bilingual method.
Principles of Bilingual Method
- The meanings of words and phrases/sentences in a foreign language can be made clear by the use of mother tongue.
- There is no need to create situations for making the meaning of English words and sentences.
- Bilingual method is the improvement and combination of translation method and direct method.
Characteristics of Bilingual Method
- 'Sentences' is the unit of teaching.
- It emphasizes on creating situation.
- Mother tongue is used when it is necessary to explain the difficult area of language.
- Rigorous practice is done in sentence.
- Rules of grammar are not taught separately as is done in grammar translation method.
Merits of Bilingual Method
The advantages of the Bilingual Method are:
- The time and labour of the teacher is saved
- It is less costly and suited to all types' schools in rural or urban.
- It is helpful in creating linguistic habits.
- This method does not need trained teachers
- Much audio-visual aids are not needed.
- It also stresses speech practice.
- An average teacher of English can teach the lesson successfully through this method
- It ensures accuracy- The meanings of English words and sentences are made quite clear to the students. It is free from the defects of Direct Method in which meanings of English words and sentences remain vague and pattern practice is given on vague grounds.
- It ensures fluency in speaking English- The students taught through Bilingual method were quite superior to the student taught by any other method in speaking English fluency.
- Less costly than direct method- In direct method, a lot of illustrative material in the form of audio-visual aids, is needed. In direct method, it involves a lot of expenditure, which schools cannot afford.
- It suits majority of Indian teachers- Direct method only suits a few able and bright teachers who have a good command over English but this method suits the majority of Indian teachers who have an average knowledge of English.
Demerits of Bilingual Method
The disadvantages of the Bilingual Method are:
- This method is still in an experimental stage.
- It is not so useful in teaching secondary and senior secondary classes.
- It is sometimes rather impossible to provide a correct mother tongue equivalent.
- It may create confusion among students due to the contrast between the features of two languages.
- Students are likely to develop an undesirable, habit of language.
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