CTET 2015 EXAM NOTES
Demonstration MethodDemonstration is another useful instructional technique which is employed in teaching subjects. What is the meaning of demonstration? Demonstration means showing how something is to be done or not to be done. Through demonstration, a teacher models the behaviors of presentation, analysis and synthesis. The student's role is that of the observer and recorder of information and skills.
In schools, teachers can adopt this technique especially when something related to the development of skills is required. For example, how to draw a map of a country is a skill which has to be demonstrated. Demonstrations are most effective when followed by a corresponding student activity. A teacher demonstrating a measuring 'technique for determining distances on maps should be followed by students using the same technique in a follow-up activity. Demonstration involves the art of depicting the skills associated with an action. Sometimes, ideas, attitudes, processes and other tangibles are also demonstrated consciously.
Preparing a classroom demonstration
While making preparation for a classroom demonstration the teacher has to:
· Plan a demonstration that will create interest among students.
· Plan every step in ‘the task of demonstration carefully.
· Relate the task to be. demonstrated.
· Outline the various steps of the task to be demonstrated on the chalkboard.
· Make sure that everyone can see and hear.
· Prepare written materials, handouts etc. on the task to be demonstrated.
Performing a classroom demonstration
The following points should be remembered by the teacher while demonstrating a skill.
· Communicate properly while demonstrating.
· Keep the demonstration simple and precise.
· Do not digress from the main theme.
· Do not hurry through the demonstration.
· Do not drag out the demonstration too much.
· Make sure that the demonstration is observed by all the students.
· Summarize as the demonstration goes on.
· Distribute handouts in the end.
The danger.of the demonstration strategy lies in the passive role of the students who may or may not understand the concept or skill the teacher is demonstrating. The solution is to follow up the demonstration with replication by the class. Ideally, the students will perform exactly the same activity the teacher has demonstrated in much the same way the teacher has done. In some cases, however, that is not possible. For example you may, using a chart, demonstrate the flow of wealth in our economic system. The follow-up might comprise record keeping by the students of how they spend money.
Advantages of Demonstration Method
1. This method of teaching serves as model laboratory instruction.
2. Experiment shown as demonstration points out this matter of observation and indicates this inference.
3. It makes the pupils familiar with the nature and use of apparatus.
4. Experiments requiring special skill will merely be shown by the teacher. In this method no time is wasted.
5. Teacher's time is properly utilized in watching the students doing experiments.
6. While doing practical, there remains no necessity for explaining except educating precautions.
7. This method proves more useful if the pupils are told beforehand that they are going to do practical in the laboratory.
Disadvantages of Demonstration Method
1. There is danger of students being dishonest when teacher has to play the main role in the discussion and demonstration of the topic.
2. Teachers may be tempted to lecture rather than to teach.
3. Teachers do not try for more experiments than those given in the text book prescribed.
4. Oral discussion may not be encouraged, since it will go to restrict the demonstration experiment.
5. Practical as required may not go hand in hand with demonstration work.
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