CTET 2015 Exam Notes : TEACHING OF EVS
What is Environmental Studies?
Man is inquisitive by nature. He tries to find the ‘How and Why’ of all that happens in nature and in his surroundings. His spirit of enquiry at first extends to most simple facts of nature. A child would like to know, how to wind blows; what stuff the clouds are made of and how a small seed grows into a huge tree.
In the process of search for knowledge an truth, man has accumulated a vast store of knowledge known as environment studies through which
- We can obtain sufficient help to understand ourselves, our surroundings and environment,
- We can also get help for making the forces around us favourable to us,
- We can further obtain the basis for improving and making our lives more comfortable by making adjustments in the new discoveries and in old stock of knowledge,
- This store of knowledge gained, can be transferred from one generation to another for preservation and progress of civilization.
So far we have understood environmental studies as an overall product of human activity in the form of a systematic and organized body of knowledge. The form of environmental studies so emerged is the product of all facts connected with our information, concepts, generalizations, laws and theories framed on the basis of vast and limitless fund of accumulated knowledge. This knowledge of environmental studies is divided for our convenience into several branches like physics, chemistry, agriculture, biology, etc.
What is Environmental Education ?
Environmental Education is the new areas of study of the discipline of education. With recent developments and advances, Environmental education is virtually a new source of concern for educators, teachers and students. As with the rapid development in reach area, there are problems – both internal and external ones – to be confronted and resolved.
The area of ‘Environmental Education’ has been discussed thoroughly at several national and international seminars, workshops and conferences. Most of the people have recognized the urgent need of Environment Education, but only some have clear ideas and understands about the meaning, purpose, needs and the courses of ‘content of environment’ and ‘education’ has been provided in the earlier chapters. It is evident from the discussion that the process of ‘development’ is common in both the concepts. Education is defined the process of development, and environment is the aggregate of all the external conditions and influences affecting the life and development of man and other living organism. Every organism has its environment. Man’s environment consists of natural as well as sociocultural environment. Education can change and improve the quality of man’s environment for desirable modification of his behaviour.
Bernard has illustrated the relationship of environment and education. The educational process of development is organized formally in the educational institutions’ classroom, where an interaction takes place between teacher and taught. A teacher performs certain in activities verbally and non-verbally to generate conductive social and emotional climate to provide the new experiences to his students for desirable changes and modifications in their behaviour, thus process of development takes place in schools.
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