CTET 2015 Exam Notes : Child Development and Pedagogy (CDP)
How and Why Children ‘Fail’ To Achieve Success In School Performance.
Poor time management skills and procrastination.
Most teachers know when a student has rushed through a project or essay. Students who routinely wait until the last minute to complete assignments will submit substandard efforts and achieve poor performance on exams.
Our natural instinct is to jump in and help “spruce up” the project, correct grammar or spelling mistakes or help our children cram for the test. Encourage good homework and study habits from an early age. Provide graphic organizers, calendars and other tools and encourage their use.
The younger a student can begin developing organized study habits, the better prepared they will be for the transition from high school to college – two very different worlds. Successful students don’t rely on parents or teachers to tell them when assignments are due or when test dates are approaching.
An inability to complete tasks.
Students must be encouraged to be thorough in every task and not to quit until it is done. Help your child identify the areas that are giving them problems and don't empower them to seek extra help in school, as need.
Preach to your child that he cannot be too quick to give up or put off an arduous task until it becomes impossible to complete; procrastination can also lead to stress and anxiety, making it impossible to complete the task and setting up a pattern for future melt-downs. Learning a new skill or a new subject may not always be easy.
Fear of failure and lack of self confidence.
A lack of self-esteem or confidence can prevent a student from building on his or her strengths. Too much confidence can prevent a student from acknowledging and improving on weaknesses. For some children, the very thought of not being able to succeed is enough to stop them from attempting at all.
From the earliest age, children must know that we all learn from our failures and then move on. All new skills require practice and repetition before they can be mastered.
Reliance on others.
Encourage your child to develop academic independence and accountability from the moment they enter school. Each child must know he or she is responsible for their own learning: completing all tasks and assignments; bringing the right books and equipment to every class; and taking everything home each night.
Students who routine leave books or homework at school must learn cause and effect for their behavior. Establishing routines and good study habits at an early stage will pave the way for most students to develop into a self-directed learner. Talk to your child's teacher if they find they are struggling in a particular area, and/or seek a tutor.
Lack of desire.
Many students are underachievers; although capable of completing their school work, they lack the initiative or motivation to succeed.These are students that can do the work, are highly intelligent, but have decided that there are other things that are more important.
In many cases they are distracted by out side factors, emotional issues, or are not challenged enough in school. (In some cases, there may be an undiagnosed learning disability.)
The danger in rewarding younger students for academic achievement is the pattern that they may only achieve when there is something to gain.
Hence, the crash and burn experiment. For all students, there may come a time where you may have to refuse to help. It may be that he or she waited until the last minute to begin a project, study for a test, or refused to attend an extra-help session.
Lack of parental involvement
For a young child, his entire world revolves around his parents; and thus his parents and their involvement in his academic success acts as a huge motivating factor. Yes, we have exceptions in this case as well when some pupils scores very good grades irrespective of the lack of involvement of his parents in his studies but in majority of cases parents involvements have huge impact on the performance of a child in school. Some parents get the best reference books on tips to get good marks in exams but fail to provide any personal time and active participation in the reading-learning process of their child. I would like to suggest each parent to get actively involved in their child's life as much as possible especially during their growing up days.
Lack of Organizational skill
Every student need to develop his personal organizational skill for keeping pace with the syllabus covered in the class, and to locate his study materials and assignments without any trouble. Mismanagement and poor organizational skills not only decreases his pace of study but also poses a hindrance in his active learning process.
Lack of Motivation
Another basic reason for poor performance of a student in school is the lack of motivational force that usually keeps them moving forward. They do not find pleasure in achieving any goal due to lack of motivation.
Low self esteem
Some students starts believing that they are not good in a particular subject or that they are socially and/or economically backward than the rest of the students of the class; this negative feeling starts hindering their achievements in a particular or all the subject areas. Another issue of concern is the habit of Self talk in children with low self esteem, where in they starts to talk either with themselves or with some imaginary characters in their brain. This habit is usually harmless but may sometimes become a psychological illness in severe case, so try to be available for your child and listen to him/her.
Another reason for low self esteem in students is the social stratification of our society which divides the children within the same classroom on the basis of various social and economical factors.
Poor Reading comprehension
Language is the most important tool to achieve big in any subject. If a child is poor in basic reading and understanding the language used in studies, we cannot expect him to be a high achiever even when he has a very sharp brain.
Hunger, thirst, lack of sleep and other physical reasons
Sometimes it is not the mental or memory issue that interfere with the achievement of a child but the physical reasons like hunger, lack of sleep and body ailments.
Some other factors that also interferes with the achievements of a student in school are : peer pressure, lack of social, over protection of parents, high expectations of parents and conversational skills, and absenteeism. Parents need to know how much they have to protect and control their child, and when to allow kids for night out with friends and when to say 'no'. These are delicate issues which have to be handled with care and utmost precaution so that this all works as a motivational and supportive power for the child and not as a restricting factor.
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