CTET 2015 Exam Notes : Child Development and Pedagogy (CDP)
How children learn?
Although children are born with some inherited tendencies, an environment that stimulates learning and development is necessary to ensure children reach their learning potential. Adults play a vital role in providing stimulation and support for children’s learning. Parents and carers can nurture children’s development through understanding the importance of what children experience in the world around them, and providing experiences that arouse their curiosity and interest. Opportunities for children to be actively involved in learning from their experiences are especially important for their development.
Children’s knowledge grows over time as they build on earlier understandings. When they encounter new experiences, children look for information that they can use to conﬁrm, add to, or change their ideas.
For example, when a child experiences a new event, he or she ﬁrst tries to understand the new experience by matching it to pre-existing ideas. If, however, the new experience doesn’t ﬁt with what the child already knows, it stimulates the child to come up with new ideas or ways of understanding. By adding or adapting old ideas and putting ideas together children build knowledge.
Developmental patterns in children’s thinking and learning
Most children tend to develop skills for thinking and learning in a predictable sequence (eg children start to tell stories by looking at pictures in a book before they learn to recognise words). However, it is important to remember that each child develops at a different rate and that individual differences are common. Differences may be due to children’s inherited tendencies, the experiences and opportunities they are exposed to, or a combination of both. As children learn to use language in increasingly complex ways it supports further learning and development. Language helps to organise children’s thinking. It allows them to use basic logic and gradually develops their capacities for thinking through situations, solving problems and developing their own ideas.