How the State Government Works? : Ncert / Cbse Solutions & Revision Notes
The State Government
Every state in India is divided in different constituencies and from each constituency a representative known as the Member of the Legislative Assembly MLA is elected by the people. All the MLAs from across the country meet at the Legislative Assembly to discuss on various issues.
The MLAs belong to various political parties and the party which wins more than half the number of constituencies in the respective state is the majority party. The party in majority is called the ruling party while all the other members are considered as opposition. The leader of the ruling party is elected by its members, who becomes the chief minister.
Once the chief and other minister are selected by the ruling party, the state governor appoints them to office, they are together responsible for working of the various government departments. The chief minister belongs to the executive sector of the government while the MLAs in the Legislative Assembly constitute the Legislature.
The Legislative Assembly comprises MLAs from both the ruling party and the opposition to discuss and debate on issues.
Every decision taken by the chief minister and other ministers has to be approved by the members of Legislative Assembly. For instance, various bills are introduced in the Legislative Assembly and if a bill is passed by the MLAs, it becomes a law.
Besides the Legislative Assembly, Newspapers, Televisions and other organizations also help people in expressing their opinions and demand action on it from the government. In such cases, the government responds through press conferences and explains the measures being taken to tackle the issue. Democratic government means, where the people elect their representatives as MLAs.
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CBSE NCERT Class VII (7th) | Social Studies | Social and Political Life
Chapter : How the State Government Works?
CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer
Q1. Define the following-
· Constituency: A particular area from which all the voters living there choose their representatives.
· Majority: This is a situation when more than half the number in a group supports a decision or an idea. This is also called a simple majority.
· Opposition: This refers to elected representatives who are not members of the ruling party and who play the role of questioning government decisions and actions as well as raise new issues for consideration in the Assembly.
· Political Party: A political party is a group of people who come together to contest elections and hold power in the government. They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good.
· Government: In common usage the word refers to the government department and various ministers who head them. The overall head of government in a state is the Chief Minister
· Coalition: At times, when the ruling party may not be a single party but a group of parties working together. This is called a coalition.
· Press Conference: A gathering of journalists from the media who are invited to hear about and ask questions on a particular issue and are then expected to report on this to the larger public.
· Legislative Assembly: A Legislative Assembly is a place where all the MLAs, whether from the ruling party or from the opposition meet to discuss various things
Q2. How is an MLA elected?
Ans. Each state in India is divided into different areas called constituencies. From each constituency people elect one representative who then becomes the member of the legislative assembly (MLA).
Q3. How is the government at state level formed in India?
A political party who’s MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition. After the elections, the MLAs belonging to the ruling party elect their leader who will become the chief minister of the state. The chief minister then selects other people as ministers. After the elections, the Governor of the state appoints the chief minister and
Q4. Who is a Governor?
The Head of the State is the Governor. She / He is appointed by the Central Government to ensure that the State Government works within the rules and regulations of the Constitution.
Q5. What is a legislature?
Ans. All the MLAS who gather together in the Legislative Assembly is called legislature.
Q6. What is the function of the members of the Legislative Assembly?
Ans. Whatever decisions are to be taken by the government have to be approved by the member of the legislative assembly. In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate on important issues, decide where money should be spent etc. They have the main authority.
Q7. Describe the functions of Legislative assembly.
· In the legislative assembly, the MLAs belonging to all the parties meet and discuss various issues concerning the state. During the discussions, MLAs can express their opinion, ask questions related to issue or give suggestions.
· Whatever decisions are to be taken by the government have to be approved by the member of the legislative assembly.
· In a democracy, these members can ask questions, debate on important issues, decide where money should be spent etc. They have the main authority. The minister of the concerned department replies to the questions and inform the assemblies about the steps taken.
Q8. Who approves the work done by various departments of the government?
Q9. Explain the functions of the chief minister and other ministers.
The head of the government of the state is called the chief minister.
· One of the important functions of the CM is to select the other MLAs of his party as ministers. The chief minister and the other ministers have the responsibility of running various government departments or ministries.
· Ministers take actions and implement decisions through various departments like the Public works department, health department, and education department etc.
· The CM and the ministers can also decide to make new laws.
· The CM and the ministers also have to explain and answer the questions raised by the press and the people.
Q10. How do people who are MLA’s become ministers?
Ans. After the elections, the MLAs belonging to the ruling party elect their leader who becomes the CM of the state. The CM then selects other MLAs of his party as ministers.
Q12. How do some MLAs have dual responsibility?
Ans. Some MLAs have dual responsibilities, one as an MLA of his constituency from he won and as a minister of the department assigned to him.
Q13. What is the purpose behind holding a press conference?
Ans. In a press conference large numbers of people from different newspapers are
present. The minister and some government officials are also present.
The minister explains the steps the government has taken. Reporters ask many questions at this meeting. These discussions are then reported in different newspapers.