CTET 2015 Exam Notes : TEACHING OF ENGLISH
Need for Learning English Language in India
Learning English is not merely a status symbol today. Many people consider English as the most important and useful language of the world. The British Council says ‘English is the main language of books, newspapers, airports and air-traffic control, international business and academic conferences, science, technology, diplomacy, sports, international competitions, pop music and advertising.
Over two-thirds of the world’s scientists read in English. Three quarters of the world’s mail is written in English. Eighty per cent of the world’s electronically stored information is in English. Of the estimated forty million users of the Internet, some eighty per cent communicate in
In countries like India, where English is a second language, it serves the following five functions:
Functions of English Language
1. For formal education (Instrumental Function);
2. For government administration, and the law, courts (Regulative Function);
3. For conversation between people speaking different native languages (Communicative Function);
4.For commerce, science and technology (Occupational Function); and
5.For non-technical writings like fiction and political works (Creative Function).
Need for Learning English Language
- English as Link Language
- English as Global Language
- English as Library Language
- English a Language of Technology
English as Link Language
India has a special place as a nation with a variety of languages. There are 22 regional languages which are given official status. Besides, there are about 400 regional languages and dialects.
People need to travel around the country these days – tourists, businessmen, employees of the Central government, personnel of the armed forces etc. It is not possible for these people to learn all the regional languages.
Hindi is spoken in many provinces. Still there are regions where it is not understood. In such cases, knowing English is helpful for a person in order to converse. In this way English acts as link language between different regions of the nation.
English as Global Language
About 37.5 crore people learn English as first language (native language) in countries like the UK, the USA, Canada, Australia etc. In India, Nigeria, Philippines, Germany, France, Pakistan, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa etc. it is the second language. According to the British Council, English has official or special status in at least seventy-five countries with total population of more than 200 crores.
A country cannot develop on its own. It needs trade and commerce with the rest of the world. It needs to build diplomatic relationships with other countries.
There is no language other than English that is widely understood around the world. It is the official language of the world’s most important organisations like the United Nations, European Union, Commonwealth of Nations, NATO etc. Thus English acts as the language of international trade and commerce, sports, culture, tourism, academics and diplomacy.
English as Library Language
There are more books available in English than in any other language of the world. They are on every topic and subject, and for every age and level. They are either original works, or works of top writers translated into English.
Students of every faculty – arts, science, commerce, engineering, medicine etc. can easily get standard books in English. Even for students of foreign literature, most of the world’s literature has been translated into English. Translation of the holy books of almost every religion is available in
English as Language of Technology
Science, technology and medicine are ever-changing areas. New terms and concepts continuously replace the old. Advanced knowledge of these areas comes to us in English. Besides, English is the language most widely used on the internet, our cheapest and fastest source of knowledge.
The world has turned into a global village. To carve our place in this village, learning English is necessary. It helps us to communicate not merely within the country, but also outside it. It provides us with vast knowledge of all the subjects through books. It makes us fast and efficient through use of internet and various appliances.
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