CTET 2015 EXAM NOTES
It is rightly believed that the observation under the careful guidance of a social studies teacher proves very effective in the process of learning, and facts, skills, and behaviour learnt are retained for a longer period. observation or direct experience or visits to actual places, say, a monument, a fort, a field, a river, a temple, an institution, etc. provide ample opportunities to students, for 'seeing; 'hearing', 'examining', 'gathering data' and 'asking' questions.
Visits to hospitals, telephone exchanges, telegraph offices, study trips to airports, etc. show how people and goods are transported from one place to another. Pupils understand better the working of markets, co-operative stores, and factories when they see their working and thus acquaint themselves with the processes of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption. Such experiences are most conducive to learning. The concrete data on cultural, industrial, political and geographical facts and relationship being more 'tangible: 'visible: and 'describable' serve as a great motivating force for further enquiry in social sciences. The observation lends vitality to the subject-matter of social studies.
Techniques of the Observation Method
The following techniques are adopted in the observation Method:
• Community surveys.
• Community service projects.
It is not a specific method of teaching science. As a matter of fact, almost all science begins with observation. Several hundred years were devoted to accumulating a large amount of observed descriptions of nature. To the scientist, however, goes on to determine relationship between some of the observations made and the information's obtained through the success. The result of this process is an abstract mental picture which tends to see nature in an orderly man-made pattern, which comes under the purview of science of observation. This is the substance of which scientific theories are made. The scientist is mainly regarded as a person, who describes nature by careful observations. The descriptions which are based on direct observation represent correct facts.
The training of pupils in observation is really storing his mind with suitable experiences all thoroughly classified and digested. Science provided remarkable training in observation and reasoning. Learners reason from the once established facts and form concepts about further observed phenomena.
1. It is useful in the sense that students make new discoveries and conduct researches in the field of
2. It develops the power of imagination, thinking, reasoning and drawing conclusions etc.
3. It helps the students in clarifying and removing of doubts by obtaining empirical knowledge.
4. It develops the different qualities in an individual like planning, organizing, executing and evaluating.
5. It gives opportunities to the students to become a part of teaching – learning process. They do not remain passive listeners and indifferent observers.
Merits of Observation Method:
Students get direct experience through direct method. It activates and energizes their knowledge. It avails much information through easy direct contact. Students actively participate in direct observation. It also helps in presenting the bookish knowledge in an interesting way by mixing one’s direct experiences with it. It is also interesting one.
Demerits of Observation Method:
This method is costly, time-consuming and not for all topics. Teacher’s facility, skill, time is also a factor. Sometimes indiscipline may develop out of observation. But this method is more scientific that make geography teaching a concrete base in schools.
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