CTET 2015 Exam Notes : TEACHING OF EVS
Environmental Education is a process of providing learning experiences to obtain knowledge, understanding, skills and awareness with desirable attitudinal change about man’s relationship with his natural and man surrounding which includes the relation of population, pollution, resource allocation, transportation technology and urban and rural planning to the total human environmental.
Lower Primary Stage (Classes I to IV)
At this stage the focus of science education should be on the child’s environment – social, physical and biological. In classes I and II, emphasis should be laid over the development of the habit of cleanliness, healthful living and power of observation. In classes III and IV the study should also include personal hygiene and sanitation. In addition to that children should also be introduced with some formal areas of science like following:
- The plants and animals in one’s surroundings.
- The air we breathe.
- The water we drink.
- The weather that affects our daily life.
- The earth on which we live.
- The simple machines we make use of in our day to day life.
- The body we should take care of.
- The heavenly bodies we look on at night.
It has also been recommended that due emphasis should also be given on the activities regarding gardening right from the early year of the lower primary stage. Commission has also felt the necessity of introducing the child with Roman alphabets in class IV for helping him to learn the internationally accepted scientific language.
Component of Environment
The environmental components can be classified in the following categories:
- Physical components are land, air and water.
- Biological components are plants and animals.
- Social components are population, social system, social change and social relations, urbanization, etc.
- Cultural components are-political, economic, moral and values of life religion, industries, etc.
- Psychological components are facts, self concepts, level of aspiration, life space, topology, goals of life.
Relationship of Environment with Study Subjects or Disciplines
The components of the environment are broadly classified into two major categories –
- Physical components or abiotic components and
- Biological components or biotic components
The environment is composed of biotic (biological) and aboitic (physical) components.
This can be shown with the help of chart.
Scope and Relations to Environmental Studies and social Science
Environmental Studies and Social Studies
In social studies, we learn about the progress and development of our society and of human race in general from the very early times of the existence of the earth. The study of the various stages of human victory over the forces of nature and its control over the land, sky and the seas is nothing but the history of the development of human society and of modern civilisation. The advanced electronic system of communication and control and eradication of electronic system of communication and control and eradication of certain diseases are further proof of how science is responsible for the advancement in the knowledge of history, geography, social sciences, etc.
When we look at the history of human race, we realize the contribution of science to us in the development of our society and civilisation as a whole so while teaching history we can very well explain the systematic progress of sciences to our students. Similarly, certain topics in science are directly connected with geography such as, formation of different types of rocks and soil, topics on the study of universe, Earth, Moon, Planets, Changes in seasons on earth, the occurrence o eclipses, rain, storms, weather in geography, the knowledge of science involving the topics of humidity, rain, temperature, thermometer, barometer, rain gauge, etc. is essential. In this way a teacher may find many occasions for correlating the study of science with social studies.
Aims of Environmental Studies Teaching at Primary Stage (From Class I to IV)
- To make the children interested in the study of nature and to help them in getting acquainted with their natural surroundings.
- To educate them regarding the application of environmental studies in their physical and social environment.
- To inculcate good habits of cleanliness and healthful living among children.
- To develop their faculty of observation.
- To provide opportunities for the development of their inventive and creative faculties.
- To give them the basic knowledge of numerals and alphabets for the comprehension and understanding of scientific vocabulary and language
- To provide essential knowledge regarding the personal and social hygienes.
- To cultivate the habit of doing work systematically and neatly.
- To make them able to read and understand simple graphs, charts, maps and statistical tables.
- To encourage the children to read and listen to the life story of great inventors and scientists.
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