Women Change the World : Ncert / Cbse Solutions & Revision Notes
Stereotypes are created when large numbers of people are fixed in a single image, which in fact can be misleading. Many people still believe in these stereotypes as many girls continue to not get the support to study and get trained as doctors or engineers like boys.
It was in the nineteenth century when women like Rokeya Sakhawat Hossain and Rashsundari fought against all odds to learn to read and write.
Today both the girls and boys attend school, yet the census show that the number of girls attending school is considerably less than that of the boys. According to the 2001 census, the girls from social communities like Adivasis, Dalits and Muslims did not complete the primary schools as compared to the other communities.
There are various reasons for the above fact. Sometimes there are no proper schools with regular teachers in villages and if schools are there, then proper public transport like vans or buses lack.
In India women have even played a significant in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Many women across the world have individually and collectively campaigned for the right of woman through Woman Movements.
One of the results of these efforts was the law to fight against mental and physical violence on the domestic front. This law is known as the Domestic Violence Act of 2006.
Such efforts also led to the guidelines for sexual harassment by the court in 1997 to keep women safe from gender discrimination and harassment at workplace, colleges and schools. These women’s movements have created a public awareness about the various women-related issues through street plays, television, songs and public meetings.
Media has helped in bringing together thousands of women from across the country to fight for any cause. Women have held public rallies and demonstrations to protest whenever a law is proposed which is not in their interest.
To respect and recognize the struggle, success and contribution of woman to the society, 8th March is celebrated as the International Women’s Day.
CBSE NCERT Class VII (7th) | Social Studies | Social and Political Life
Chapter : Women Change the World
CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer
Q1 Which occupation does our society feel is best suited for females and why?
People feel that outside the home too, women are good at only certain jobs. Many people believe that women make better nurses because they are more patient and gentle. This is linked to women’s roles within the family. Similarly, it is believed that science requires a technical mind and girls and women are not capable of dealing with technical things.
Q2 What kind of pressures do the children face while growing up?
We live in a society in which all children face pressures from the world around them. Sometimes, these come in the form of demands from adults. At other times, they can just be because of unfair teasing by our own friends. Boys are pressurised to think about getting a job that will pay a good salary. They are also teased and bullied if they do not behave like other boys.
Q3 Was it normal for all children to go to school in the past?
In the past, the skill of reading and writing was known to only a few. Most children learnt the work their families or elders did. For girls, the situation was worse. In communities that taught sons to read and write, daughters were not allowed to learn the alphabet.
Q4 Which revolution was witnessed by the the 19th century in the field of learning and education?
In the nineteenth century, many new ideas about education and learning emerged. Schools became more common and communities that had never learnt reading and writing started sending their children to school. But there was a lot of opposition to educating girls even then. Yet many women and men made efforts to open schools for girls. Women struggled to learn to read and write.
Q5 Who was Rashsundra Devi? How did she break the stereotype?
Rashsundari Devi (1800–1890) was born in West Bengal, some 200 years ago. At the age of 60, she wrote her autobiography in Bangla. Her book titled Amar Jiban is the first known autobiography written by an Indian woman. Rashsundari Devi was a housewife from a rich landlord’s family. At that time, it was believed that if a woman learnt to read and write, she would bring bad luck to her husband and become a widow! Despite this, she taught herself how to read and write in secret, well after her marriage.
Q6 Is schooling and education equally available to all children even today?
Today, both boys and girls attend school in large numbers. Yet, as we will see, there
still remain differences between the education of boys and girls. According to the 1961 census, about 40 per cent of all boys and men (7 years old and above) were literate (that is, they could at least write their names) compared to just 15 per cent of all girls and women. In the most recent census of 2001, these figures have grown to 76 per cent for boys and men, and 54 per cent for girls and women. This means that the proportion of both men and women who are now able to read and have at least some amount of schooling has increased. But, as you can also see, the percentage of the male group is still higher than the female group. The gap has not gone away.
Q7 Why is it so that SC and ST girls leave school at a higher rate?
There are several reasons why children from Dalit, Adivasi and Muslim communities leave school.
· In many parts of the country, especially in rural and poor areas, there may not even be proper schools or teachers who teach on a regular basis.
· If a school is not close to people’s homes, and there is no transport like buses or vans, parents may not be willing to send their girls to school.
· Many families are too poor and unable to bear the cost of educating all their children. Boys may get preference in this situation.
· Many children also leave school because they are discriminated against by their teacher.
Q8 What is Women’s Movement? What makes it a vibrant movement?
Women individually and collectively have struggled to bring about various changes in their situation. This struggle is known as the Women’s Movement. Individual women and women’s organisations from different parts of the country are part of the movement. Many men support the women’s movement as well.
The diversity, passion and efforts of those involved make it a very vibrant movement. Q9 What are the strategies of the Women’s Movement?
Different strategies have been used to spread awareness, fight discrimination and seek justice. These strategies are:
· Campaigning: Campaigns to fight discrimination and violence against women are an important part of the women’s movement. Campaigns have also led to new laws being passed.
· Raising Awareness: An important part of the women’s movements’ work is to raise public awareness on women’s rights issues. Their message has been spread through street plays, songs and public meetings.
· Protesting: The women’s movement raises its voice when violations against women take place or for example, when a law or policy acts against their interests. Public rallies and demonstrations are a very powerful way of drawing attention to injustices.
· Showing Solidarity: The women’s movement is also about showing solidarity with other women and causes.