NCERT / CBSE NOTES : Chapter Summary
Key Elements of a Democratic Government
A democratic government is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.
People’s participation, resolution of conflict, equality and justice are important elements that influence the working of a democratic government.
People participate in the working of a democratic government by actively electing the government and participate in rallies, signature campaigns, strikes, dharnas and social movements.
Conflicts occur when people from different religion, economic backgrounds and culture feel discriminated and it is the duty of the government to resolve them.
All citizens are equal in the eyes of law and it is the duty of a democratic government to ensure equality and justice to all the citizens of the country.
CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | Social Studies | Civics
Chapter : Key Elements of a Democratic Government
CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer
Q1. What is the racial composition of the South Africa?
South Africa is a country that has people of several races. There are black people who belong to South Africa, whites who came there to settle, and Indians who came as labourers and traders.
Q2. What is Apartheid?
Apartheid means separation on the basis of race. South African people were divided into white, black, Indian and coloured races.
Q3. Which languages were spoken by Blacks and Whites in South Africa?
Afrikaans and Zulu.
Q4. What is ANC?
The African National Congress, a group of people who led the struggle against apartheid
QS. Name a well-known leader of African National Congress.
Q6. When did South Africa become a democratic country?
South Africa become a democratic country in 1994
Q7. Who is responsible for resolving conflicts in a country?
The government is responsible for helping to resolve conflicts.
Q8. How can rivers become a source of conflict in a country?
Rivers can become a source of conflict between states. A river may begin in one place, flow through another and end in a third. The sharing of river water between different places that the river goes through becomes an issue of conflict.
Q9. What is the key idea behind a democratic government?
The key idea of a democratic government is its commitment to equality and justice.
Q10. What laws were imposed on the different races in South Africa?
South African people were divided into white, black, Indian and coloured races. According to the law, these races were not allowed to mingle with each other, to live near each other or even to use common facilities.
Voting is important because through voting in elections people elect leaders to represent them. These representatives take decisions on behalf of the people and in doing so it is assumed that they will keep in mind the voices and interests of the people.
Q12. How is the power of the government checked through elections?
All governments are elected for fixed periods. Once elected, governments can stay in power only for that period. If they want to continue to be in power then they have to be re-elected by the people. This provides opportunity to the people to sense their power in a democracy and hence regular elections limit the power of the government.
Q13. Why do conflicts occur in a country? What do these lead to?
Conflicts occur when people of different cultures, religions, regions or economic backgrounds do not get along with each other, or when some among them feel they are being discriminated against. People may use violent means to settle their differences.
This leads to fear and tension among others living in an area.
Q14. What role is played by the police in a country?
The police play an important role in getting representatives of the conflicting communities to meet and try to arrive at a solution. At times when there is fear that violence may erupt, the police is responsible for ensuring peace and harmony at the place.
Q15 State the different ways through which people can participate in the process of government.
People participate by
(i) Taking an interest in the working of the government and
(ii) By criticizing it when required
Q16. Write a few lines on gender discrimination. What steps have been taken by the government to promote gender equality in our country?
In our society, there is a general tendency to value and care for the boy child more than the girl child. This means that society does not value the girl and boy child equally.
(i) The government has promoted justice by providing special provisions that can enable girls to overcome the injustice that they are subjected to. For ex. The fees for girls might be waived or lowered in government schools or colleges.
(ii) Reservation of seats for the women at different levels of the government.
Q17. Why did the government banned Untouchability? Name an important leader of this movement.
The earlier practice of Untouchability is now banned by law in our country as a group of people considered as untouchables were denied education, transport or medical facilities and even the chance to offer prayers.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar played an important role in this movement.
Q18. How were blacks discriminated in South Africa?
· There were different hospitals and ambulances for blacks and whites. An ambulance meant for white people would always be well equipped while one meant for black people was not.
· There were separate trains and buses. Even the bus stops were different.
· Non-whites were not allowed to vote.
· The best land in the country was reserved for the white people, and non-whites had to live on the worst available land.
· Schools, colleges, parks, restaurants all were different for blacks and whites.
Q19. Write few lines on Cauvery Water dispute.
Cauvery water dispute is between Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
· The water stored in Krishnasagar dam in Karnataka is used for irrigating a number of districts and for meeting the needs of the city of Bangalore.
· The water stored in Mettur dam in Tamil Nadu is used for crops grown in the delta region of that state.
· A conflict arises because both dams are on the same river. The downstream dam in Tamil Nadu can only be filled up if water is released from the upstream one located in Karnataka.
· Therefore, both states can't get as much water as they need for people in their states. This leads to conflict between them.