NCERT / CBSE NOTES : Chapter Summary
Diversity and Discrimination
Difference and Prejudice
Prejudice means to judge people negatively or see them as inferiors. We fit a large number of people into a single image to create social stereotypes. Stereotypes are misleading.
Girls were not expected to be tough but now they work in army and police. Boys are believed to be tough, while they too can they feel pain as much as a woman and cry.
Children who can’t walk, speak, see or hear are children with special needs. Children with special needs are often presumed to be dumb. However, Stephen Hawkings and Satish Gujral are examples of people with special needs who made a mark in their field.
Stereotypes stop us from looking each individual’s unique qualities and skills. It is neither accurate nor fair to believe in prejudices and stereotypes.
Inequality and Discrimination
Treating anyone in an unacceptable and unfair manner based on a prejudice or stereotype is called discrimination.
Discrimination can happen in different ways and for various reasons. Inequality in economic background, occupation type, caste or religion can lead to discrimination. Indian leaders like Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar who wrote the Constitution were aware of these inequalities.
A Constitution is a document that lays down the rules by which a nation should be ruled. Indian Constitution treats all Indian citizens as equal irrespective of caste, religion and economic background.
Untouchability is now seen as crime as per law. As per Indian Constitution, India is a secular country, which means people of all religions and cultures are free to speak any language, practice their customs and celebrate their festivals. Despite these provisions in Constitution, inequalities still exist in our society.
CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | Social Studies | Civics
Chapter : Diversity and Discrimination
CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer
Q1. Define the term ‘Prejudice’ with one example.
Answer Prejudice means to judge other people negatively or see them as inferior. For eg: if we think English is the best language and other languages are not important, we are judging these other languages negatively. As a result, we might not respect people who speak languages other than English.
Q2. On what grounds can a ‘prejudice’ be created?
Answer We can be prejudiced about many things like:
(i) People’s religious beliefs
(ii) Skin colour
(iii) Different regions that people belong to
(iv) The accent they speak in
(v) Clothes they wear
Q3. Define the term ‘Stereotypes’ with one example.
Answer When we fix people into one image we create ‘stereotypes’. When people say that those who belong to a particular country, religion, sex, race or economic background are “stingy”, “lazy”, “criminal” or “dumb”, they are using stereotypes.
Q4. Define the term ‘Discrimination’ with one example.
Answer Discrimination happens when people act on their prejudice or stereotypes. If you do something to put other people down, if you stop them from taking part in certain activities or from taking job opportunities, stop them from living in certain neighbourhoods, prevent them from taking water from the same well or hand pump or not allow themselves to take tea in the same cups or
glasses, you are discriminating against them.
Q5. On what basis can discrimination take place?
Answer Discrimination can broadly take place on two major grounds:
1. Customs and practices
Customs and practices can take into account the following things:
• Group of people who may speak different language
• Follow a particular religion
• Live in specific regions
2. Economic backgrounds
Economic status is not the form of diversity but a form of inequality. Inequality happens when certain sections of the society are not treated at par with the rest of the society. For example -‘Tribal Groups’.
Q6. Define ‘Untouchability’? Which particular community in Bombay presidency was treated as untouchables?
Answer The groups that were paced at the bottom of the ladder and were seen as unworthy were called as untouchables. They were also called as ‘Dalits’. Mahar community in Bombay presidency was treated as untouchables.
Q7. Which famous personality shared his experience of caste-based discrimination?
Answer Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar, one of the greatest leaders of India shared his first experience of caste-based discrimination which took place in 1901.
Q8. Who is known as the father of the Indian Constitution and the best known leader of the dalits?
Answer Dr Bhimrao Ambedkar is known as the father of the Indian Constitution and the best known leader of the dalits.
Q9. Define ‘Equality’?
Answer Equality stands for:
· Treating everyone equally in the society without any discrimination on the basis of caste, colour, sex, place of birth etc.
· Everyone has equal rights and opportunities.
· Everyone has freedom to choose jobs of their choice.
· Equality is where untouchability is seen as a crime. In India, as per the terms of the Indian constitution untouchability is legally abolished.
Q10. Which groups in particular are striving for equality?
Answer The following groups in particular are striving for equality:
Q11. Define ‘Constitution’?
Answer Constitution is a legal framework of rules and regulations by which a nation would function.
Q12. Give two basic parameters to ensure equality?
Answer Two significant elements/ parameters on the basis of which one can ensure equality in society are as follows:
- Respecting Diversity.
- Granting freedom to people to follow their religion, speak their language, celebrate their festivals and express themselves freely.
Q13. Define ‘Secularism’?
Answer Country where people of different religions and faith have the freedom to practice and follow their religion without any fear of discrimination.