NCERT / CBSE NOTES : Chapter Summary
India is made up of many states. States consist of many districts which are divided into tehsils or talukas. A Tehsil is a collection of small towns and villages.
The Patwari maintains land records and collects land revenue in a village. Patwari is also known as Lekhpal, Kanungo, and Village officer in different regions of India.
The Tehsildar is a land revenue officer at the district level. Tehsildars from various districts report to the District Magistrate.
He supervises the work of a Patwari and ensures proper maintenance of land records.
Tehsildars from various districts report to the District Magistrate. Tehsildar provides copy of land records to farmers and caste certificates to the students.
As per the Hindu Succession Amendment Act, women in India can get a share in family’s agricultural land.
CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | Social Studies | Civics
Chapter : RURAL ADMINISTRATION
CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer
Q1. Who is a S.H.O?
• stands for Station House Officer, who is the in-charge of a police station.
Q2. What is Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005?
According to the Hindu Succession Amendment Act, 2005 sons, daughters and their mothers can get an equal share in the land. The same law is applied to all states and union territories of the country.
Q3. State some of the functions of the police.
• Every police station has an area that comes under its control. All persons in that area can report cases or inform the police about any theft, accident, injury, fight, etc.
• It is the responsibility of the police to enquire, investigate and take action on the cases within its area.
Q4. What are the different names used for the Patwari in different states?
The Patwari is known by different names in different states – such as Lekhpal, Kanungo, Karamchari, Village Officer etc.
Q5. What are the functions of a Patwari?
A Patwari performs the following functions-
• Measures land
• Maintains and updates the records of the village
• The Patwari is also responsible for organising the collection of land revenue from the farmers and
• Provides information to the government about the crops grown in this area.
Q6. Who is a Tehsildar? What are his functions?
All states in India are divided into districts. For managing matters relating to land these districts are further sub-divided. These subdivisions of a district
are known by different names such as tehsil, taluka, etc. At the head is the District Collector and under her are the revenue officers, also known as Tehsildars.
· They have to hear disputes.
· They also supervise the work of the Patwaris and ensure that records are properly kept and land revenue is collected.
· They make sure that the farmers can easily obtain a copy of their
record; students can obtain their caste certificates etc.