NCERT / CBSE NOTES : Chapter Summary


PANCHAYATI RAJ 

Gram Sabha and Panchayat

The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by the Panchayat. Anyone living in the area, who is an adult, that is 18 years old or more, is a member of Gram Sabha.
The Gram Sabha members also elect the representatives to the Gram Panchayat. Together the Sarpanch and Panchs form a Gram Panchayat. A Gram Panchayat is elected for five years.

The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is appointed by the government. The Secretary is responsible for calling the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat and keeping a record of the proceedings.

The main task of Gram Panchayat is to implement the development programmes for the villages that come under it. Gram Sabha is the place where all plans for work of Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.

Panchayati Raj is a three-tier system: village level, block level and district level. Panchayati raj is the process through which people in rural areas participate in their own government.

CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | Social Studies | Civics

Chapter  :  PANCHAYATI RAJ  


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Q1. Explain the procedure of elections of the Gram Panchayat.

(i)   Every village Panchayat is divided into wards, i.e. smaller areas. Each ward elects a representative who is known as the Ward Member (Panch).
(ii) All the members of the Gram Sabha also elect a Sarpanch who is the Panchayat President. The Ward Panchs and the Sarpanch form the Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is elected for five years.

Q2. Who is a Secretary? What are his functions?

The Gram Panchayat has a Secretary who is also the Secretary of the Gram Sabha. This person is not an elected person but is appointed by the government.
The Secretary is responsible for
      Calling the meeting of the Gram Sabha and Gram Panchayat and
      Keeping a record of the proceedings.

Q3. What guidelines are given regarding laws of the Panchayat in our constitution?

Within the guidelines given in the Constitution each state in the country has its own laws with regard to Panchayats. The idea is to provide more and more space for people to participate and raise their voices.

Q4. What are the sources of funds for the Panchayat?

Sources of funds for the Panchayat are
(i)  Collection of taxes on houses, market places etc.
(ii)  Government scheme funds received through various departments of the government
– through the Janpad and Zila Panchayats.
(iii) Donations for community works etc. 

Q5. Describe the Panchayati Raj System.

The Panchayati Raj system is the first tier or level of democratic government. It works in three levels-
At the lowest level, we have Gram Panchayat. The Gram Panchayat is answerable to the Gram Sabha because it is the members of the Gram Sabha who elected them.

Above it is Block level, which is called the Janpad Panchayat or the Panchayat Samiti. The Panchayat Samiti has many Gram Panchayats under it.

Above the Panchayat Samiti is the District Panchayat or the Zila Parishad. Zila Parishad actually makes developmental plans at the district level. With the help of Panchayat Samitis, it also regulates the money distribution among all the Gram Panchayats.

Q6. What is Gram Sabha? What are its functions?

The Gram Sabha is a meeting of all adults who live in the area covered by a Panchayat. This could be only one village or a few villages.
·        It is the place where all plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people.
·        The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people.
·        It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

Q7. What is a Gram Panchayat? What are its functions?

The Gram Panchayat meets regularly and one of its main tasks is to implement development
programmes for all villages that come under it. The work of the Gram Panchayat has to be approved by the Gram Sabha.

The work of a Gram Panchayat includes
1. The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings and other common property resources.
3. Executing government schemes related to generating employment in the village.

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