SCOPE OF PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION
In our last article we learnt about meaning and concept of Philosophy of Education, Now we'll learn about Scope of Philosophy of Education.
The scope of philosophy of education is confined to the field of education. Thus, it is philosophy in the field of education. The scope of philosophy of education is concerned with the problems of education.
These problems mainly include -
• interpretation of human nature, the world and the universe and their relation with man,
• interpretation of aims and ideals of education,
• the relationship of various components of the system of education,
• relationship of education and various areas of national life [economic system, political order, social progress, cultural reconstructions etc.],
• educational values,
• theory of knowledge and its relationship to education.
The above mentioned problems constitute the scope of philosophy of education and explain its nature. Thus, the scope of philosophy of education includes following.
a] Aims and Ideals of Education Philosophy
Education critically evaluates the different aims and ideals of education. These aims and ideals have been prorogated by various philosophers in different times. They are character building, man making, harmonious human development, preparation for adult life, -development of citizenship, -utilization of leisure, training for civic life, training for international living, achieving social and national integration, -scientific and technological development, education for all, equalizing educational opportunities, strengthening democratic political order and human source development.
These and other aims of education presented by educational thinkers in different times and climes are scrutinized and evaluated. Thus, philosophy of education critically evaluates different aims and ideals of education to arrive at.
b] Interpretation of Human Nature:-
A philosophical picture of human nature is a result of the synthesis of the facts borrowed from all the human science with the values discussed in different normative, sciences. The philosophical picture, therefore, is more broad as compared to the picture of man drawn by biology, sociology, psychology, economics and anthropology and other human science.
Value is typically a philosophical subject since it is more abstract, integral and universal. Philosophy-of education not only critically evaluates the values but also systematizes them in a hierarchy. Educational values are' determined by philosophical values. Educational values propagated by different philosophers have been derived from their own world, view and their outlook on the purpose of human life. Therefore, a scrutiny of the world views, outlook, beliefs is the specific function of philosophy and it is necessary for the philosophical treatment of the values.
d] Theory of Knowledge:-
Education is related to knowledge. It is determined by the source, limits, criteria and means of knowledge. The discussion of all these falls within the jurisdiction of epistemology, one of the branches of philosophy, therefore, an important area of the functioning of philosophy of education is related to theory of knowledge.
e] Relationship of education and various area of national life and various components of the system of education:-
One of the most important contributions of the philosophy of education to the cause of education is the provision of criteria for deciding the relationship of state and education, economic system and education, curriculum, school organization and management, discipline etc. These problems have led to the evaluation of different philosophies of education. The criteria of judgment everywhere are determined by philosophy, therefore, philosophy of education provides the criteria for critical evaluation and judgment in these fields.
1] Chandra S. S., R. Sharma, Rejendra K (2002) " Philosophy of Education." New Delhi, Allantic publishers.
2] Chakraborty A. K.(2003)." Principles and Practices of Education." Meerut, Lal Book Depot.
3] Gupta S. (2005). " Education in Emerging India. Teachers role in Society." New Delhi, Shipra Publication.
4] Seetharamu, A. S. (1989). Philosophy of Education. New Delhi, ' Ashish Publishing House.
5] Taneja, V. R. (2000). " Educational Thought and Practice." New Delhi, Sterling.