Perception is the process through which a person is exposed to information, attends to the information, and comprehends the information.
Exposure: A person receives information through his/her senses
Attention: A person allocates processing capacity to a stimulus
Comprehension: A person interprets the information to obtain meaning from it
Meaning Of Perception:
Perception is the mental process by which you get knowledge of external world. You receive innumerable impression through the sense organs. You select some of these and organize them into unit, which convey some meaning. The transformation of sensation into organised pattern is called as perception.
Perception = Sensation + Meaning
For E.g. Eyes react to light and give us the knowledge of brightness, nose reacts to smell and give us the knowledge of pleasant or unpleasant smell, ear react to the sound of barking and gives us the knowledge of the presence of a dog.
Perception is an active state of mind in which it reacts to a sensation and interprets it. The basis of perception is sensation.
Importance of Perception in Learning
Learning depends on an individual‘s precepts. If you are able to perceive a thing correctly, then right learning will take place. Learning will proceed in a proper direction due to correct precepts. Both sensation and perception play an important role in you learning. Sensations are the first impression. So it has to be absolutely clear. Sensations give rise to perception and on that basis you get a proper understanding of an object, idea or an experience. Learning depends upon accurate and efficient perception and perception depends upon the sensation, which depends on the normal functioning of the sense organs. Thus perception is important for proper learning and understanding.