In child centered education, child has been given utmost importance. The Child‘s personality plays major role in teaching learning process. Personality is often misused in describing outer appearance of the person.Personality is more than that. It covers inner as well as outer look. Attitude and aptitude reflect in the type of personality. Importance of mental health, role of school and teachers in improving personality / adjustment is discussed in this article.
Personality is the individual considered as a whole. It may be defined as 'the most characteristic integration of an individual structure, modes of interest, attitudes, behaviour and capacities‘. - Muirhead
Personality is a term that has been used very widely to mean some different aspects of a person. Every society and in it every school, takes a profound interest in the development of the personality of children. Etymologically, the word 'personality‘ has been derived from the Latin word 'Persona‘. At first this word was used for the mask worn by the actors to change their appearance but later on, it began to be used for the actors themselves. Since then, the term 'personality‘ has been used to depict outward appearance or external behavior etc.
Definitions of the personality:
N.L.Munn – 'Personality may be defined as the most characteristic ' integration of an individuals structure, modes of behavior, interest, attitudes, capacities, abilities and aptitudes‘.
C.V.Good – 'The total psychological and social reaction of an individual, the synthesis of his subjective, emotional and mental life is his personality.
Valentine – 'Personality is the sum total of innate and acquired dispositions‘.
Characteristics of personality:
Personality has got certain important characteristics :
1. Personality is always dynamic
2. Personality determines our thinking, reasoning and actions.
3. Personality is both physical and psychological (outer and inner).
4. Personality develops through social interaction.
5. Every personality has some uniqueness.
6. Personality has organized and integrated system.
7. Personality refers to the process of adjustment to our environment.
P- Perception capacity
E- Emotional maturity
R- Responsiveness to situations S- Self-expression or sociability O- Organized
N- Not permanent (Flexible) A- Appearance
L- Leadership feeling I- Integrated
T- Tendencies, impulses, dispositions, (innate & acquired) Y- Young, vital and unique
No two individuals are alike and that is what makes life interesting and exciting. The emphasis is on growth and development than on genetic endowment.