Locate the following States on a blank outline political
map of India:
Manipur, Sikkim, Chhattisgarh and Goa
Identify and shade three federal countries (other than
India) on a blank outline political map of the world.
Point out one feature in the practice of federalism in
India that is similar to and one feature that is different from that of
In India, just like in Belgium, the central government has
to share its powers with the regional governments. However, unlike India,
Belgium has a community government in addition to the central and the state
What is the main difference between a federal form of
government and a unitary one? Explain with an example.
In a federal form of government, the central government
shares its powers with the various constituent units of the country. For
example, in India, power is divided between the government at the
Centre and the various State governments.
In a unitary form of government, all the power is
exercised by only one government. For example, in Sri Lanka, the national
government has all the powers.
State any two differences between the local government
before and after the constitutional amendment in 1992.
Local governments BEFORE the Constitutional amendment
Local governments AFTER the Constitutional
amendment in 1992
Elections were not held regularly.
It is mandatory to hold regular elections to local
Local governments did not have any powers or resources of
The State governments are required to share some powers
and revenue with local government bodies.
Fill in the blanks:
Since the United States is a ____________________ type of
federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are
_______________ vis-Ãƒ -vis the federal government. But India is a
_________________ type of federation and some States have more power than
others. In India, the ___________________ government has more powers.
Since the United States is a coming together type
of federation, all the constituent States have equal powers and States are strong vis-Ãƒ -vis
the federal government. But India is a holding together type
of federation and some States have more power than others. In India, the Central government
has more powers.
Here are three reactions to the language policy followed
in India. Give an argument and an example to support any of these positions.
Sangeeta: The policy of accommodation has
strengthened national unity.
Arman: Language-based States have divided us by
making everyone conscious of their language.
Harish: This policy has only helped to consolidate
the dominance of English over all other languages.
Sangeeta's reaction is better than those of the other
two. Unlike Sri Lanka (where the language of the majority has been
promoted), the Indian polity has given equality of status to all the major
languages spoken in the country. This has led to the avoidance of
social conflict on linguistic basis. The policy of accommodation has made
administration of States easier. It has also ensured a larger participation in
the government's activities by people who speak various languages.
The distinguishing feature of a federal government is:
(a) National government gives some powers to the
(b) Power is distributed among the legislature,
executive and judiciary.
(c) Elected officials exercise supreme power in the
(d) Governmental power is divided between different
levels of government.
(d) Governmental power is divided between
different levels of government.
A few subjects in various Lists of the Indian
Constitution are given here. Group them under the Union, State and Concurrent
Lists as provided in the table below.
Defence, Banking, Communications
Police, Agriculture, Trade
Education, Forests, Marriages
Examine the following pairs that give the level of
government in India and the powers of the government at that level to make laws
on the subjects mentioned against each. Which of the following pairs is not
Central and State government
Match List I with List II and select the correct answer
using the codes given below the lists:
1. Union of India
A. Prime Minister
4. Gram Panchayat
Consider the following statements.
A. In a federation the powers of the federal and
provincial governments are clearly demarcated.
B. India is a federation because the powers of the
Union and State Governments are specified in the Constitution and they have
exclusive jurisdiction on their respective subjects.
C. Sri Lanka is a federation because the country is
divided into provinces.
D. India is no longer a federation because some
powers of the states have been devolved to the local government bodies.