CBSE NCERT Class IX (9th) | Social Studies | History

CHAPTER 3: NAZISM AND THE RISE OF HITLER


MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK]

Q.1.What was the response of the Germans to the new Weimar Republic?
(a) They held the new Weimar Republic responsible for Germany’s defeat and the disgrace at Versailles
(b) The republic carried the burden of war guilt and national humiliation
(c) It became the target of attacks in the conservative national circles
(d) All the above

Q.2. In what ways did the First World War leave a deep imprint on European society and polity?
(a) Soldiers were put above civilians, trench-life was glorified
(b) Politicians and publicists laid stress on men to be aggressive and masculine
(c) Aggressive war propaganda and national honour were given the most support and
Conservative dictatorships were welcomed
(d) All the above

Q.3.Which of the following statements is false about soldiers in the World War I?
(a) The soldiers, in reality, led miserable lives in trenches, survived with feeding on the copra’s
(b) They faced poisonous gas and enemy shelling and loss of comrades
(c) All soldiers were ready to die for their country’s honour and personal glory
(d) Aggressive propaganda glorified war

Q.4.The following statements are about Hitler’s early life. Which of them is incorrect?
(a) Hitler was born in 1889 in Austria and spent his youth in poverty
(b) He joined the army during World War I and earned accolades for bravery
(c) He was totally unaffected by German defeat in the war and only thought of improving his career
(d) In 1919 he joined a small group called the German Workers' Party, which later was known as the Nazi Party.

Q.5.The Treaty of Versailles (1920) signed at the end of World War I, was harsh and humiliating for Germany, because
(a) Germany lost its overseas colonies, and 13 per cent of its territories
(b) It lost 75% of its iron and 26% of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark and Lithuania, was forced to paycompensation of 6 billion pounds
(c) The western powers demilitarised Germany and they occupied resource-rich Rhineland in the 1920s
(d) All the above

Q.6.Which of the following was a special surveillance and security force created by Hitler?
(a) Regular police force in green uniform and storm troopers
(b) Gestapo (secret state police), the SS (the protection squads)
(c) Criminal police (SD), the security service
(d) Both (b) and (c)

Q.7.What was Hitler’s historic blunder and why?
(a) Attack on Soviet Union in 1941 was a historic blunder by Hitler
(b) He exposed his western front to British aerial bombing
(c) The Soviet Red Army inflicted a crushing and humiliating defeat on Germany atStalingrad
(d) All the above

Q.8. Hitler’s world view, which was also the Nazi ideology, was
(a) There was no equality between people, only a racial hierarchy
(b) The blond, blue-eyed, Nordic German Aryans were at the top and Jews at the bottom. The coloured people were placed in between
(c) Jews were the anti-race, the arch enemies of the Aryans
(d) All the above

Q.9. Why did Helmut’s father kill himself in the spring of 1945?
(a) He was depressed by Germany’s defeat in Second World War
(b) He feared that common people would mishandle him and his family
(c) He feared revenge by the Allied Powers
(d) He wanted to die because of the crimes he had committed during Nazi rule

Q.10.Which of the following countries led the Allied Powers in the Second World War?
(a) UK and France            (b) USSR and USA            (c) Germany and Austria               (d) Both (a) and (b)

Q.11.Which of the following bodies was set up to try and prosecute the Nazi war criminals at the end of World War II?
(a) International Military Tribunal (b) British Military Tribunal(c) Allied Military Tribunal(d) Allied Judicial Court

Q.12. Germany’s ‘genocidal war’ was against which of the following people?
(a) Jews and political opponents                        (b) Gypsies and Polish civilians
(c) Germans who were considered mentally and physically disabled        (d) All the above

Q.13. Why did the Nuremburg Tribunal sentence only 11 Nazis to death for such a massive genocide?
(a) Only these 11 Nazis were found guilty
(b) The Allies did not want to be harsh on the defeated Germany as they had been after WorldWar I
(c) Germany promised never to repeat such an act
(d) Germany was ready to pay a huge compensation to the Allied countries for these killings

Q.14. Against which of these countries had Germany fought during World War I (1914-1918)?
(a) England         (b) France           (c) Russia             (d) All the above

Q.15.What was the most important result of the Spartacus League uprising in Germany in 1918-19?
(a) The Weimar Republic crushed the rebellion
(b) The Spartacists founded the Communist Party of Germany
(c) The Weimar government accepted the demands of the Spartacus League
(d) Both (a) and (b)

Q.16. Who were called the ‘November criminals’?
(a) The Opponents of Weimar Republic                                 (b) The Emperor who abdicated, and his men
(c) The supporters of Weimar Republic                  (d) none of the above

Q.17. War in 1917 led to the strengthening of Allies and the defeat of Germany because of entry of
(a) China              (b) Japan             (c) the USA         (d) Spain

Q.18.The National Assembly met at Weimer and decided to establish
(a) A democratic constitution with a federal structure                     (b) A communist form of government  (c) A powerful monarchy                                           (d) A military state

Q.19.What was ‘Dawes Plan’?
(a) A plan which imposed more fines on Germany(b) A plan which withdrew all punishment from Germany (c) A plan which reworked the terms of reparation to ease financial burden on the Germans       (d) None

Q.20.Which of the following statements is true about the economic crisis in Germany in 1923?
(a) The value of ‘Mark’ (German currency) collapsed                      (b) Prices of goods soared high
(c) Weimer Republic brought economic prosperity                           (d) Both (a) and (b)

Q.21.What gave Nazi state its reputation as the most dreaded criminal state?
(a) Extra-constitutional powers were given to the newly organised forces like Gestapo, the SS and SD
(b) People could be detained in Gestapo torture chambers and sent to concentration camps
(c) No legal procedures were there for the arrested people
(d) All the above

Q.22Which of the following was a feature of Hitler’s foreign policy?
(a) He pulled out of the League of Nations in 1933                            (b) He decided not to attack any country
(c) He thanked the Allied Powers for having put Germany on the right track        (d) All the above

Q.23.What was the slogan coined by Hitler when he followed his aggressive foreign policy?
(a) Messenger from God (b) Conquer the world
(c) One people, one empire, and one leader (d) we are Aryans, the real rulers

Q.24.Which incident led to the start of World War II?
(a) German invasion of Switzerland                      (b) German invasion of Poland 
(c) Russian invasion of Germany                 (d) Japan’s sinking of ship at Pearl Harbour

Q.25.When and among which countries was the Tripartite Pact signed?
(a) 1940, Germany, Italy and Japan (b) 1939, Germany, Austria and USSR
(c) 1940, England, France and USA (d) 1938, England, Germany and USSR

Q.26.When did Germany attack the Soviet Union?
(a) 1939 (b) 1941 (c) 1942 (d) 1943

Q.27.Which incident persuaded the USA to join the war?
(a) Hitler’s attack on Eastern Europe                   (b) Hitler’s policy of genocide of the Jews
 (c) Helplessness of England and France               (d) Japan’s attack on the US base at Pearl Harbour

Q.28. When did the Second World War come to an end?
(a) January 1944               (b) May 1945     (c) June 1946     (d) August 1947

Q.29.What was Hitler’s ideology of ‘lebensraum’ or living space?
(a) Multi-storeyed buildings should be built in Germany to increase the living space
(b) The world must be occupied enabling the material resources and power of the German nation.
(c) New territories had to be acquired for settlement
(d) Both (b) and (c)

Q.30. According to the Nazis, which people were to be regarded as desirable?
(a) Pure and healthy Nordic Aryans            (b) German soldiers who helped in territorial expansion
(c) German police of different types             (d) All those who were willing to consider Hitler as God

KEY TO MCQ:
1(d)2(d)3(c)4(c)5(d)6(d)7(d)8(d)9(c)10(d)11(a)12(d)13(b)14(d)15(d)16©17(c)18(a)19(c)20(d)21(d)22(a)23(c) 24(b)25(a)26(b)27(d)28 (b)29 (d)30 (a)

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