NCERT Solutions for Class 6th English: 

Chapter 4 – An Indian – American Woman in Space



    Question a:

    Answer the following questions.
    1. Where was Kalpana Chawla born? Why is she called an Indian-American? (3)
    2. When and why did she go to the U.S.? Who did she marry? (2, 3)
    3. How did she become an astronaut? What gave her the idea that she could be an astronaut? (3)
    4. What abilities must an astronaut have, according to the journalist? (6)
    5. Describe Kalpana Chawla’s first mission in space. (5)
    6. What does Kalpana Chawla say about pursuing a dream? Do you agree with her that success is possible? (7)

    Answer
    :
    1. Kalpana Chawla was born in Karnal, Haryana. She was called an Indian-American because she was a naturalised U.S. citizen, married to flight instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison.
    2. She went to the United States for a master’s degree. She was married to flight instructor Jean-Pierre Harrison.
    3. After qualifying as a pilot, Kalpana began to consider another challenge: applying to NASA’s space shuttle program. She was first hired as a research scientist at NASA. In 1994, she was selected by NASA for training as an astronaut. The idea that she could be an astronaut came from her desire to follow her dreams.
    4. According to the journalist, to be an astronaut one should have enormous ability. An astronaut must know a lot about everything, from biology to astrophysics to aeronautical engineering. In this age of super-specialisation, you must haveencyclopaedic knowledge to be an astronaut.
    5. Kalpana’s first space mission was in the space shuttle Columbia. It lasted for 15 days, 16 hours, and 34 minutes. During this time she went around the Earth 252 times, travelling 10.45 million kilometres. The crew included a Japanese and aUkrainian astronaut. The crew performed experiments such as pollinating plants to observe food growth in space, and tests for making stronger metals and faster computer chips.
    6. About pursuing a dream, Kalpana said that the path from dreams to success does exist. One needs to have the vision to find it, and the courage to get onto it. Yes, success is possible. Her life is an example of that.

    Question b:
    Read the newspaper report to find the following facts about the Columbia’s ill-fated voyage.
    l. Date and place of lift off: _____________________________________
    2. Number of astronauts on board: _____________________________________
    3. Number of days it stayed in space: _____________________________________
    4. Number of experiments done by scientists: _____________________________________
    5. Date of return journey: _____________________________________
    6. Height at which it lost contact: _____________________________________

    Answer:
    1. Date and place of lift off: 16th January, 2003; Kennedy Space Center, Florida
    2. Number of astronauts on board: Seven
    3. Number of days it stayed in space: 16
    4. Number of experiments done by scientists: 80
    5. Date of return journey: 1st February, 2003
    6. Height at which it lost contact: 200,000 feet

    Question a:

    Match the following.
    1. unprecedented space tragedy : something that causes feelings of respect and wonder
    2. certified flight instructor : having knowledge of a wide variety of subjects
    3. space mission :nowadays, in these times
    4. super specialisation : a set of jobs to be done in space by a group
    5. encyclopaedic knowledge : a person with the correct qualification to teach people to fly planes
    6. awe-inspiring : a sad accident of a kind that has never happened before in space
    7. in this age : great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject

    Answer:
    1. unprecedented space tragedy : A sad accident of a kind that has never happened in space
    2. certified flight instructor : A person with the correct qualification to teach people to fly planes
    3. space mission : A set of jobs to be done in space by a group
    4. super specialisation : Great expertise in a limited field or a particular subject
    5. encyclopaedic knowledge : Having knowledge of a wide variety of subjects
    6. awe-inspiring : Something that causes feelings of respect and wonder
    7. in this age : Nowadays, in these times

    Question b:
    Use these phrases in sentences of your own, after finding out their meanings.
    1. broke apart 4. lifted off 7. cheered along
    2. streaked over 5. blast off 8. on board
    3. spread across 6. went on 9. carry on

    Answer:
    1. Broke apart – Divide violently into parts The mobile phone broke apart when Steve stepped on it.
    2.Streaked over – Flash brightly leaving a visible line Fireworks streaked over the horizon when India won the cricket match.
    3.Spread across – Distributed over a given area Vadaphone has a large network which is spread across all states.
    4.Lifted off – The action of an aircraft in becoming airborne My flight lifted off at 2 A.M.
    5.Blast off – Action of a rocket leaving its launch pad It is not an easy task to blast off a rocket properly.
    6.Went on – Continued Though he faced many difficulties, the traveller went on to his goal.
    7.Cheered along – Stood by to shout their support The crowd cheered along as Dhoni hit a century.
    8.On board – On a ship, plane or other vehicle The passengers on board the ‘economy flights’ do not have a comfortable journey.
    9.Carry on – To conduct Rescue operations were carried out by the army in spite of heavy rains.

    Question c:
    We add ‘un-’ to make opposites.
    For example, true — untrue.
    Add ‘un’− to the words below to make their opposites. Then look up the meanings of the words you have formed in the dictionary.
    l. identified ___________________ 6. educated ___________________
    2. controlled ___________________ 7. interesting ___________________
    3. attended ___________________ 8. qualified ___________________
    4. successful ___________________ 9. trained ___________________
    5. important ___________________ 10. answerable ___________________

    Answer:
    l. identified Unidentified 6. educated Uneducated
    2. controlled Uncontrolled 7. interesting Uninteresting
    3. attended Unattended 8. qualified Unqualified
    4. successful Unsuccessful 9. trained Untrained
    5. important Unimportant 10. answerable Unanswerable





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