CBSE NCERT Class X (10th) | Civics

Chapter – 8 Challenges to Democracy

Challenges and Reforms to Democracy

Democracy is the predominant form of government in the contemporary world but it has also faced many challenges. There are three types of challenges faced by democratic countries i.e. foundational challenge, challenge of expansion and deepening of democracy.
Foundational Challenge is meant for the non-democratic countries of the world.

The challenge of expansion is faced by most established democracies like India and the United States of America.

Deepening of democracy involves strengthening of practices and institutions of democracy through the control and participation of the people.

Every challenge of democracy is linked with the possibility of reforms. Broad guidelines like legal and political practice and legislative measures can be kept in mind while devising ways for political reforms.

The right to Information Act is a successful example of a law that has enabled people to carry out democratic reforms. Democratic reforms can be carried out by political parties, pressure groups and above all the people.

Challenges To Indian Democracy

Some of the major challenges to the Indian democracy are casteism, communalism, political violence and corruption.

When there are challenges, there are also many possible reforms too. Commonly democracy is a form of government in which rulers are elected by the people.

Elections should be held in a free and fair manner with equal choice and opportunity to all. Democratic rights should not be limited to voting, contesting and forming political parties. Democracy should grant some social and economic rights to the citizens.

The very spirit of power sharing should be extended to power sharing between governments and social groups. Modern democracy should respect the voice of the minority with the majority.

The democracy should also extend its scope from mere government and its activities to eliminating discrimination of all kinds. Democracy is also the best form of government on the basis of Accountability, Consultation and Discussion, Accommodates and Social Diversities.

Good Democracy is a form of government in which rulers are elected by the people and ensure that every citizen participates in decision making process directly or indirectly through elected representatives in a free and fair manner.

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