CHEPTER-1 INDIA — SIZE AND LOCATION
India lies entirely in the Northern Hemisphere. India’s mainland extends between 8°4'N and 37°8'N latitudes, and 68°7'E and 97°25'E longitudes. The Tropic of Cancer (23°30'N) divides India into two almost equal parts.
Size: Covering an area of 3.28 million square kilometres, India’s total area is 2.4% of the total geographical area of the world. India is the world’s seventh largest country with a land boundary of about 15,200 km, with total length of the coastline being 7,516.6 km. India’s east-west extent appears to be smaller than the north-south extent.
India and the World: The Indian landmass is centrally located between West and East Asia. India’s protruding Deccan Peninsula helped India to establish close contacts with West Asia, Africa and Europe, South-east and East Asia. India’s contacts with the world via land routes are much more than her maritime contacts. India has contributed a lot to the world in forms of ideas, philosophies (Upanishads, Ramayana, Panchtantra) and mathematics (Indian numerals and decimal system). In exchange, India’s architecture was influenced by Greek sculpture and architectural styles from West Asia.
India’s Neighbours: India has an important position in South Asia and has 28 States and 7 Union Territories. India shares its boundaries with Pakistan, Afghanistan, China, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Bhutan. The southern neighbours across the sea consist of the two island countries, namely Maldives and Sri Lanka. India stands apart from the rest of Asia.
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (1 MARK)
Q.1. Indian Standard Time or I.S.T. is how many hours ahead or behind of G.M.T. or Universal Time?
(a) 5 hrs 30 min behind G.M.T. (b) 15 hrs ahead of G.M.T.
(c) 5 hrs 30 min ahead of G.M.T. (d) None of the above
Q.2. Which of the following has reduced India’s distance from Europe by 7000 km?
(a) Suez Canal (b) Panama Canal (c) Indira Gandhi Canal (d) Buckingham Canal
Q.3. Which of the following influences the duration of the day and night, as one moves from south to north?
(a) Longitudinal extent (b) Latitudinal extent (c) Standard Meridian (d) All the above
Q.4. The Standard Meridian of India, 82°30′E passes through which of the following places?
(a) Kanniyakumari in Tamil Nadu (b) Walong in Arunachal Pradesh
(c) Kachchh in Gujarat (d) Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh
Q.5. The sun rises two hours earlier in Arunachal Pradesh as compared to Gujarat. What time will the watch show in Gujarat if it is 6 am in Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) 4.16 am (b) 7.44 am (c) 6 am (d) 5.44 am
Q.6. If the local time at Dwarka (69°01′E) in Gujarat to the west of India is 6 am, what will be the local time at Dibrugarh (94°58′E approximately 95°), in Assam, in the east?
(a) 4.16 am (b) 6 am (c) 7.44 am (d) 7.44 pm
Q.7. From Arunachal Pradesh to Gujarat there is a time lag of:
(a) 24 hours (b) 12 hours (c) 2 hours (d) 30 minutes
Q.8. Both the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of India’s mainland is about 30°. But on looking at the map of India which of the following alternatives do you observe about India’s size?
(a) East-west extent appears to be smaller than north-south extent
(b) East-west extent appears to be larger than north-south extent
(c) East-west and north-south extent appears equal
(d) North-south extent appears to be smaller than east-west extent
Q.9. Approximately what is the latitudinal and longitudinal extent of the mainland of India? (a) 97° (b) 68° (c) 30° (d) 8°
Q.10. Which geographical feature bounds India’s mainland south of 22°N latitude?
(a) Young Fold Mountains (b) Sandy Desert (c) Lava Plateaus (d) Seas and Ocean
Q.11. By which geographical feature is India bounded in the north-west, north and north-east?
(a) Seas (b) Lave Plateaus (c) Young Fold Mountains (d) Sandy Desert
Q.12. What is India’s size with respect to other countries of the world?
(a) First (b) Third (c) Fourth (d) Seventh
Q.13. Which of the following figures shows the total area of India’s landmass?
(a) 2.4 million square km (b) 3.28 million square km(c) 32.8 million square km (d) 3.28 million km
Q.14. Which of the following groups of islands belonging to the Indian territory lies in the Arabian Sea?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands(b) Sri Lanka (c) Lakshdweep (d) Maldives
Q.15. Which of the following groups of islands belonging to the Indian territory lies in the Bay of Bengal?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands (b) Sri Lanka (c) Lakshadweep (d) Maldives
Q.16. Which latitude passes through the southern-most point of India’s mainland?
(a) 8°4′N (b) 37°6′N (c) 8°4′S (d) 82°30′E
Q.17. Which of the following is the western-most longitude of India?
(a) 97°25′E (b) 68°7′E (c) 68°7′E (d) 82°32′E
Q.18. The eastern-most longitude of India is
(a) 97°25′E (b) 68°7′E (c) 77°6′E (d) 82°32′E
Q.19. Which of the following parallels of latitude divides India into two almost equal parts?
(a) Equator (b) Tropic of Capricorn (c) Tropic of Cancer (d) Prime Meridian
Q.20. Which of the following is the longitudinal extent of India?
(a) 8°4′N and 37°6′N (b) 68°7′N and 97°25′E (c) 68°7′E and 97°25′W (d) 8°4′E and 37°6′E
Q.21. Which of the following places of India is located on the three seas?
(a) Port Blair (b) Kavaratti (c) Kanniyakumari (d) Kochi
Q.22. ndia achieved multi-faceted socio-economic progress during which of the following periods?
(a) Since ancient times (b) During medieval period(c) In the 21st century (d) During the last five decades
Q.23. Which of the following Union Territories is located along the west coast of India?
(a) Andaman and Nicobar Islands (b) Chandigarh
(c) Dadra and Nagar Haveli (d) Puducherry
Q.24. How many states and Union Territories are there in India?
(a) 28 states and 7 Union Territories including Delhi (b) 23 States and 12 Union Territories
(c) 26 states and 9 Union Territories (d) 30 States and 5 Union Territories
Q.25. Which of the following ports of India is closest to the Suez Canal route?
(a) Kolkata (b) Chennai (c) Kochi (d) Mumbai
Q.26. Which of the following is the oldest route of contact between India and other countries of the world?
(a) Ocean routes (b) Maritime contact (c) Land routes (d) Air routes
Q.27. Due to which of the following reasons is the Indian Ocean named after India?
(a) India has a strategic location along the trans-Indian Ocean routes
(b) No other country has a long coastline on the Indian Ocean as India
(c) India is centrally located at the head of the Indian Ocean
(d) All the above
Q.28. Which of the following longitudes is selected as the Standard Meridian for India?
(a) 68°7′E (b) 82°30′E (c) 97°25′E (d) 23°30′N
Q.29. In which of the following places, would you find the least difference in the duration between day time and night time?
(a) Kanniyakumari (b) Leh (b) Srinagar (d) Itanagar
Q.30. Tropic of Cancer passes through which of these states
(a) Orissa (b) Tripura (c) Bihar (d) Punjab
Q.31. Which one of the following is the southern-most Latitude of India?
(a) 8° 4′ North (b) 8° 4′ South (c) 6° 4′ South (d) 6° 4′ North
Q.32. The latitudinal extent of India lies between
(a) 7° 5′ N and 26° 5′ N (b) 8° 4′ N and 37° 6′ N (c) 12° 5′ N and 27° 5′ N (d) 12° 5′ N and 37° 6′ N
Q.33. The Tropic of Cancer does not pass through
(a) Rajasthan (b) Tripura (c) Jharkhand (d) Bihar
Q.34. Which meridian is fixed as a Standard Meridian of India?
(a) 82½° E (b) 84½° E (c) 86° E (d) 81° E
Q.35. The easternmost longitude of India is :
(a) 97° 25′ E (b) 77° 6′ E (c) 68° 7′ E (d) 82° 32′ E
Q.36. What is the position of India in the world in respect of area?
(a) 8th position (b) 7th position (c) 6th position (d) 2nd position
Q.37. Which one of the following forms the southern-most tip of the Indian mainland?
(a) Indira Point (b) Kanniyakumari (c) Palk Strait (d) Kavaratti
Q.38. Which line divides India into approximately two equal parts?
(a) Equator (b) Tropic of Cancer (c) Tropic of Capricorn (d) None of these
Q.39. Which country among the India’s neighbours is the smallest?
(a) Nepal (b) Bhutan (c) Sri Lanka (d) Bangladesh
Q.40. How many states and Union Territories does India have?
(a) India has 26 States and 7 Union Territories (b) India has 25 States and 7 Union Territories
(c) India has 28 States and 7 Union Territories (d) India has 28 States and 6 Union Territories
ANSWER OF MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS (1 MARK)
Q.1 (c) Q.2 (a) Q.3 (b) Q.4 (d) Q.5 (c) Q.6 (c) Q.7 (c) Q.8 (a) Q.9 (c) Q.10 (d) Q.11(c) Q.12(d)
Q.13 (b) Q.14 (c) Q.15 (a) Q.16 (a) Q.17 (b) Q.18 (a) Q.19 (c) Q.20 (b) Q.21 (c) Q.22 (d) Q.23 (c) Q.24(a)
Q.25 (d) Q.26 (c) Q.27 (d) Q.28 (b) Q.29 (a) Q.30 (b) Q.31 (c) Q.32 (b) Q.33 (d) Q.34 (a) Q.35 (a) Q.36(b)