CBSE NCERT Class IX (9th) | Social Studies | History



CHAPTER-5 Pastoralists in the Modern World


MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 MARK]

Q.1. Why were some forests classified as “protected”?

(a) In these the customary grazing rights of pastorals were granted but their movements were severely restricted.
(b) The colonial officials believed that grazing destroyed the saplings and young shoots of trees that germinated on the forest floor.

(c) Both (a) and (b) 

(d) None of the above

Q.2. In what ways lives of Gujjar Bakarwals of Jammu and Kashmir similar to that of Gaddi shepherds of Himachal Pradesh?

(a) They both have a similar cycle of seasonal movement

(b) They both spend their winters on low hills of Siwalik range, grazing their herds in dry scrub forests.

(c) In April, they begin their upward journey again for their summer grazing grounds

(d) All the above

Q.3. Which of these are the pastoral communities of the mountains?

(a) Gujjars (b) Gaddis (c) Bhotiyas and Sherpas (d) All the above

Q.4. The social changes in Maasai society are that

(a) the traditional difference based on age, between the elders and warriors, has been disturbed, but it has not broken down

(b) a new distinction between the wealthy and the poor pastoralists has developed

(c) both (a) and (b) , 

 (d) none of the above

Q.5. Dhangars were an important pastoral community of

(a) Gujarat (b) Maharashtra (c) U.P. (d) Assam

Q.6. By October, the Dhangars harvested their bajra and started on their move to the west. Why were they welcomed by the Konkani peasants?

(a) They married off their children in each other’s communities (b) The Dhangars brought bajra for them

(c) Dhangar flocks manured their fields and fed on the stubble (d) None of the above

Q.7. Where were the Banjaras found?

(a) Uttar Pradesh (b) Punjab, Rajasthan (c) Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra (d) All the above

Q.8. Why did the colonial state want to transform all grazing lands into cultivated farms?

(a) Land revenue was one of the main sources of its finance

(b) It could produce more jute, cotton, wheat and other agricultural produce that were required in England

(c) Both (a) and (b), (d) None of the above

Q.9. According to the ‘Wasteland Rules’

(a) uncultivated lands were taken over and given to select individuals

(b) these individuals were granted various concessions and encouraged to settle these lands

(c) some of them were made headmen of villages in the newly cleared areas

(d) all the above

Q.10. In which way did the Forest Acts change the lives of the pastoralists?

(a) In the areas of forests where the pastoralists were allowed, their movements were regulated

(b) They needed a permit for entry

(c) The timing of their entry and departure was specified

(d) All the above

Q.11. Which of the following statements best explains pastoralist nomads?

(a) The villagers who move from one place to another

(b) The people who do not have a permanent place to live in

(c) The herdsmen who move from one place to another looking for pasture for their herd

(d) The people who visit many places for enjoyment

Q.12. The pastoralists had to pay tax on

(a) every animal they grazed on the pastures (b) the houses they were living in

(c) number of animals they had (d) none of the above

Q13.What was the result of overgrazing pastures due to restrictions on pastoral movements?

(a) The quality of pastures declined (b) This created deterioration of animal stock

(c) Underfed cattle died in large numbers during scarcity and famine (d) All the above

Q.14. Which of the following statements is/are correct?

(a) Some rich pastoralists started buying land and settling down giving up their nomadic life

(b) Some became settled peasants cultivating land, others took to more extensive trading

(c) The poor pastoralists became labourers, working on fields or in small towns

(d) All the above

Q.15. Which of these are the pastoral communities of Africa?

(a) Bedouins, Berbers (b) Maasai, Somali (c) Boran, Turkana (d) All the above

Q.16. In 1885, Massailand was cut into half with an international boundary between

(a) Kenya and Tanganyika (b) Kenya and Ethiopia (c) Congo and Angola (d) Angola and Botswana

Q.17. Which of these statements is true?

(a) Large areas of grazing land were turned into game reserves

(b) Pastoralists were not allowed to enter these reserves

(c) Serengeti National Park was created over 14,760 km of Maasai grazing land

(d) All the above

Q.18. When did a severe drought take place, killing over half the cattle in the Maasai Reserve?

(a) 1900 (b) 1933 and 1934 more (c) 1945 (d) 1946 and 1947

Q.19. How was the authority of both elders and warriors adversely affected by the British efforts to administer the affairs of the Maasai?

(a) The British appointed chiefs of different sub-groups of Maasai

(b) These chiefs were made responsible for the affairs of the tribe

(c) The British imposed various restrictions on raiding and warfare

(d) All the above

Q.20. Which of these statements is not true?

(a) Pastoralists are a matter of past now

(b) Pastoralists have tried to adapt to new times

(c) They have changed the paths of their annual movement

(d) They have demanded a right in the management of forests and water resources

Q.21. Which seasonal movements affect the Dhangars of Maharashtra?

(a) Cold and snow (b) Climatic disturbance (c) Drought and flood (d) Alternate monsoon and dry seasons

Q.22. Gaddi were an important pastoral community of:

(a) Gujarat (b) Maharashtra (c) Himachal Pradesh (d) Chchattisgarh

Q.23. Nomadic tribes need to move from one place to another because of:

(a) Seasonal changes (b) In search of pastures (c) To maintain ecological balance (d) All the above

Q.24. The word Maasai means:

(a) my people (b) pasture land (c) shifting cultivation (d) wasteland

Q.25. Raika pastoral community belongs to:

(a) Himachal Pradesh (b) Rajasthan (c) Jammu and Kashmir (d) Maharashtra

MCQ ANSWERS

Q.1(C)2 (D)3 (D)4 (C)5 (B)6 (C)7 (D)8 (C)9 (D)10 (D)11(C)12(B)13(D)14(D)15(D)16(A)17(A)
18 (B)19 (D)20(A) 21(D)22(C)23(B)24(A)25 (B)

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