Theory means different things to different people. It could be defined as a conceptual scheme designed to explain observed regularities or relationships between two or more variables. Theoretical perspectives are used to provide logical explanation for why things happen the way they do. There are always various interpretations of events in our everyday life.
Similarly there are several sociological perspectives on why things happen the way they do in society. These theories result in different interpretations of the same information because they focus on different aspects.
In the behavioral sciences, no theory is absolutely true. No theory is a final formulation because new knowledge keeps on modifying or even repudiates existing theories. A theory is not judged productive solely in terms of the answers it gives; but equally in the number of questions it raises.
We are going to take a look at the key aspects of the following theories which have made major contribution to the field of sociology of education: