<<Mudaliar Commission (1952-53) Part 2


11. Physical Welfare of Students
  • There should be School Medical Service in every state.
  • There should be provision of regular health check-up of every student in the school.
  • Health Report of every student should be prepared and doctor, parents and class teacher should keep one copy of it.
  • There should be arrangement of balanced and nutritious diet in hostels and Residential schools.
  • Teachers of physical education should be treated equally like subjects teachers.
  • Physical Education Training Center should be opened at national level.
  • There should be complete record of physical activities of students.

12. Examination and Evaluation
  • The number of external examinations should be reduced.
  • There should be only one Public Examination after completion of syllabus.
  • Questions should be objective and subjective elements should be reduced.
  • Questions should be based on the full syllabus.
  • Examiners should be selected cautiously.
  • While evaluating the works of students, internal examinations, periodical tests and school records should also be considered.
  • Students should be evaluated on 5-point scale, where A is distinction, B is credit, C is pass, D & E is fail or re- exam.
  • There should be provision for compartmental examination for one compartmental examination for one subject.

13. Improvement in Teacher Status
  • The procedure of selection and appointment of teachers should be uniform throughout the country.
  • The probation period of trained teachers should be one year.
  • Secondary school teachers should be trained graduate and higher secondary school teachers should be trained post-graduate.
  • Teachers who are equally qualified should be paid equally throughout the country.
Mudaliar Commission (1952-53)

  • There should be Triple Benefit Scheme for teachers which include pension, provident fund and life insurance.
  • There should be arbitration board to solve the grievances of teachers.
  • The retirement age of teachers should be 60 years.
  • The teacher’s ward should study free in the school.
  • Teachers should be provided residential and medical facilities, study leave, traveling allowances, etc.
  • Private tuition should be banned.
  • To improve their social status, teachers should be honoured time to time.

14. Teacher’s Training
  • Higher Secondary teachers should be given two-year training and graduates should be given one-year training.
  • Pupil teachers should be trained in one or more extra-curricular activities.
  • There should be provision for Refresher Course and Practical Training and Workshops in Training colleges.
  • Training Colleges should charge any fee from pupil teachers. State should provide stipends.
  • There should be hostels in training colleges.
  • The teachers who have three year teaching experience only year teaching experience only should be eligible for M.Ed.

15. Administration
  • Director of education should be direct in touch with education minister.
  • There should be a board of 25 members for inspection and co-ordination of education.
  • Central Advisory Board of Education should work as a coordinator solving the problems of education at national level.
  • Eligibility criteria for applying for school applying for school inspectors should be –
  • 10 years of teaching experience.
  • Headmasters of the high-school.Headmasters of the high-school.
  • Able teachers of training colleges.
  • School should be given recognition only when they fulfill all the conditions.
  • In rural areas, schools should be at the reach of people of surrounding villages.
  • Every classroom should have the capacity of accommodating 30-40 students.
  • Every school should have co-operative stores so that students can get the necessary things.
  • School should work at least 200 days in a year and teaching work should be done 35 periods per week.
  • There should be at least 2 month vacation in summer and 10-15 days holidays in winter.

16. Finance
  • On secondary level for technical and vocational education, Industrial Education Cess should be imposed.
  • Some part of the income from railway, telecommunication and post should be spent for developing the technical education. There should not be imposition of income tax on the development fund of secondary education.

Merits of Mudaliar Commission

  • Merits of Commission
  • Activity based education.
  • Stress on agricultural education.
  • Discussion of aims of secondary education.
  • Child-centered education.
  • Improvement in teacher’s salary and position.
  • Co-curricular activities.
  • No more stress on external examinations.
  • Stress on multi-purpose schools.
  • Suggestion to open technical schools near industries.

Demerits of the Mudaliar Commission

  • The suggestions are given in haste, so problems are still there.
  • No new statement regarding the improvement of social and economic conditions of teachers.
  • No suggestions regarding women education.
  • Still stress on English.
Lets Sum Up

The Secondary Education Commission was appointed under the chairmanship of Dr. L.S. Mudaliar on September 23, 1952. So, it is popularly known as Mudaliar Commission. The commission has pointed out some defects of the existing system of secondary education.


 The commission gave important recommendations with regard to the aims of secondary education and the principles of curriculum construction.

 The main aim of secondary education was to produce perfect citizens who may provide leadership and who are self-reliant, obedient and disciplined.

 The commission has pointed out some defects in the existing curriculum. So, it has recommended the principles of curriculum construction. The principles are - totality of experience, variety and elasticity, relation to community life, training for leisure and correlation of the subjects.

 The commission has suggested a scheme of curriculum for middle schools and high and higher secondary schools.

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