15 December 2013

Predicates (Direct and Indirect Objects)


A predicate is the completer of a sentence. The subject names the "do-er" or "be-er" of the sentence; the predicate does the rest of the work. A simple predicate consists of only a verb, verb string, or compound verb

  • The glacier melted.
  • The glacier has been melting.
  • The glacier melted, broke apart, and slipped into the sea.
A compound predicate consists of two (or more) such predicates connected:
  • The glacier began to slip down the mountainside and eventually crushed some of the village's outlying buildings.
A complete predicate consists of the verb and all accompanying modifiers and other words that receive the action of a transitive verb or complete its meaning.

A predicate adjective follows a linking verb and tells us something about the subject:

  • Ramonita is beautiful.
  • His behavior has been outrageous.
A predicate nominative follows a linking verb and tells us what the subject is:
  • Dr. Couchworthy is acting president of the university.
  • She used to be the tallest girl on the team.

Direct and Indirect Objects

A direct object is the receiver of action within a sentence, as in "He hit the ball." Be careful to distinguish between a direct object and an object complement:
  • They named their daughter Natasha.
In that sentence, "daughter" is the direct object and "Natasha" is the object complement, which renames or describes the direct object.
The indirect object identifies to or for whom or what the action of the verb is performed. The direct object and indirect object are different people or places or things. The direct objects in the sentences below are in boldface; the indirect objects are in italics.
  • The instructor gave his studentsA's.
  • Grandfather left Rosalita and Raoulall his money.
  • Jo-Bob sold meher boat.

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