29 January 2014


What is contraction?
contraction refers to a shortened form of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters which are replaced by an apostrophe.
·         I am = I'm
·         He is = He's

Examples of Contractions
There are two main kinds:

1) Those formed by replacing missing letter(s) with an apostrophe. (These contractions are formed either by shortening a word or merging two words into one.) For example:

  • don't
  • can't
  • shouldn't
  • he's
2) Those formed by compressing a word (i.e. without apostrophes)/ For example:
  • Mr.
  • Dr.
  • Prof.
  • Rev.
(Note: Under UK convention, contractions only attract a full stop (period), when the last letter of the contraction is different to the last letter of the full word.)
Points To Remember:
1.    Abbreviations which consist of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase as in Dr for Doctor
2.    Clipping which is the word formation process consisting in the reduction of a word to one of its parts as in spec for speculation.
3.    Acronyms which is an abbreviation formed from the initial components in a phrase or a word (example: FBIBeneluxradar)

A list of contracted forms in English

Here is a list of some examples of contraction in English:

Full Forms
Contracted forms
I am
you / we / they are
you / we / they're
she / he is
she / he's
I am not
I'm not
you / we / they are not
you / we / they aren't
she / he is not
she / he isn't
I / you /we / they have
I / you /we / they've
she / he has
she / he's
they have
I had
I would
I will
I do not
I don't
he does not
he doesn't
I did not
I didn't
I have not
I haven't
I had not
I hadn't
I cannot
I can't
I could not
I couldn't
I will not
I won't
I would not
I wouldn't
I should not
I shouldn't
I must not
I mustn't
There is
where is
who is

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