26 January 2014

Genitive Case

What Is the Genitive Case?
The genitive case is predominantly used for showing possession. With nouns, it is usually created by adding 's to the word or by preceding it with of.

Most people will encounter the term genitive case when studying a language other than English. In English, you will often hear the term possessive case in place of genitive case, but be aware that the genitive case is not always about possession

   Janet’s long fingers, Janet’s jacket, Janet’s drink (relationship indicating possession)
  •          a wheel of cheese (a relationship indicating composition)
  •         the love of music (participation in an action)
  •          men of Rome (origin)
  •         the capital of the Republic (reference)
  •          man of honor(description)

Form of genitive case
Genitive case can be indicated by
1.    adding 's after the noun (John's brother)
2.    adding of before the noun (the end of the movie)

Spelling of 's
Spelling of the genitive case depends on whether the noun is plural, singular or ending in 's':
Genitive Case
singular noun
the girl's room
girl is singular: add 's
plural nouns
the girls' room
girls is plural: add '
singular noun ending s
Jonas' car or Jonas's car
After nouns ending in s (like Jonas) either add ' or 's
irregular plural
children's toys
for irregular plurals like (children) add 's
In case there are many nouns, add an 's only to the last noun.

·         Leila and Nancy's friend.

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