14 September 2014

Adolescence and Health : Science

Adolescence and Health : CBSE/ NCERT Revision Notes

A person with complete physical and mental health is termed to be a healthy individual. Good personal hygiene is the first step to good health. Personal hygiene involves properly caring for our body by keeping it clean.
Adolescents should maintain personal hygiene as almost all the body parts are active at this stage. There are certain measures to be taken by adolescents.

Adolescents should consume a balanced diet. A balanced diet contains nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals and water in right proportions. Healthy food has more nutritional value. Adolescents need to avoid junk food as junk food have no or little nutritional value.
Adolescence and Health, CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes, solutions

Cleaning of private parts is important to prevent possible infections. Body parts such as hair, skin, nails and feet are vulnerable to bacterial and fungal infections

Frequent bathing
The activity of sweat glands increases in puberty and releases bad odour from the body. Frequent bathing and usage of deodorants are the must for adolescents.

Physical exercise keeps the body fit and healthy as it releases lot of sweat. Sweating helps you to release toxins and wastes from your body. Exercise also get rids lethargy.

Mental balance
Peer pressure is best addressed by self-confidence and a healthy lifestyle. Mental balance has to be maintained to overcome the prevailing insecurity.

Say no to drugs 
Drugs like narcotics should be totally avoided. A person should not be in confused state to accept drugs. HIV is transmitted from an infected person to a healthy person by sharing syringes used for injecting drugs.

In India, the legal age for marriage is 21 years for a boy and 18 years for a girl. Pregnancy occurs only by sexual contact. A person should not involve in sex before marriage. HIV is a sexually transmitted disease which can lead to AIDS.