25 September 2014

Diversity in India : Cbse / Ncert Revision Notes

Diversity in India : Cbse / Ncert Class 6 Civics Revision Notes

Diversity is an important characteristic of India. The word diversity means that in India there is diversity in the languages people speak, religions they practice, the festivals they celebrate, the clothes they wear, and the food that they eat. The unique geography of India is also responsible for this diversity. 
Travelling was also an important factor that contributed about diversity in India. People travelled to discover new places, in search of jobs or to carry out trade. Soon they started adopting customs and traditions of the new place while still retaining some of the old traditions. This led to the emergence of new languages, religions, culture and tradition that were unique to the region. 

Diversity in India, Cbse / Ncert Revision Notes, Class 6 Ncert civics Solutions

CLASS 6 NCERT Solution
Understanding Diversity

Q1. What is diversity?
It means having or belonging to different religions, culture, having variety of food habits, celebrating different festivals, speaking different languages, beliefs etc.

Q2. What is inequality?
Inequality comes about when a person does not have the resources and opportunities that are available to other persons.

Q3. What is caste system?
According to this, society was divided into different groups depending upon the work that people did and they were supposed to remain in those groups.

Q4. How are Samir EK and Samir DO different from each other?
  • ·         Samir Ek is more familiar with English, while Samir Do speaks Hindi.
  • ·         Samir Ek is a Hindu and Samir Do is a Muslim.
  • ·         Samir Ek goes to school, while Samir Do sells newspapers.
  • ·         Samir Ek belongs to a rich family, whereas Samir Do is from a poor family.

Q5. What does diversity add to our lives?
India is having rich cultural heritage due to its historical and geographical features. We have different religions, variety of food, we speak different languages etc. and all this adds new things and colours to our lives. This makes our country “Land of Colours”.

Q6. How is Unity in Diversity, strength to India?
India's diversity has always been recognized as a source of its strength. When the British ruled India, women and men from different cultural, religious and regional backgrounds came together to oppose them. India's freedom movement had thousands of people of different backgrounds in it.
They worked together to decide joint actions, they went to jail together, and they found different ways to oppose the British. The people showed how they could be different and yet united in their battle against the British.

Q7. How were the lives of people influenced by history of a place?
Often, people in past went in search of new lands, or new places to settle in, or for trade. And because it took so long to travel, once they got to a place, people stayed there, often for a long time..
Sometimes, as they began to make their homes in new places, people began to change a little and at other times they managed to do things in the old  ways. So their languages, food, music, religions became a mix of the old and the new, and out of this intermixing of cultures, came something new and different. Thus regions became very diverse because of their unique histories.

Q8. Name the book written by Jawahar Lal Nehru? What was his belief about India’s unity?
The book “The Discovery of India” was written by J.L.Nehru. According to Nehru Indian unity is not something imposed from the outside but is deeper inside. It has widest tolerance of belief and custom, practiced by variety of people. It was Nehru, who coined the phrase, "unity in diversity" to describe the country.

Q9. Why do people travel from place to place and how?
The people earlier travelled from one part of the world to another, in ships, on horses or camels or on foot.
Often, they went in search of new lands, or new places to settle in, or for people to trade with. And because it took so long to travel, once they got to a place, people stayed there, often for a long time.

Q10. State the characteristics of Ladakh on the following parameters-

Location- Ladakh is a desert in the mountains in the eastern part of Jammu and Kashmir.

Climate- Region does not receive any rain and is covered in snow for a large part of the year.

Vegetation- There are very few trees that can grow in the region as there is no rainfall in the region.

Occupation- People here keep sheep to produce Pashmina wool.

Eating Habits- The people eat meat and milk products like cheese and butter. Each family owns some goats, cows and dzos (yak-cows).

Animals’ reared- Sheeps, goats, cows and dzos (yak-cows).

Religion- Buddhism, Islam

Importance for the Traders- It was considered a good trade route as it had many passes through which caravans traveled to what is today called Tibet. These caravans carried textiles and spices, raw silk and carpets. Buddhism reached Tibet via Ladakh.

Another name- Little Tibet.

Link with Tibet- Ladakh was considered a good trade route as it had many passes through which caravans traveled to Tibet. Ladakh has a very rich oral tradition of songs and poems. Local versions of the Tibetan national epic the Kesar Saga are performed and sung by both Muslims and Buddhists.

Q11. State the characteristics of Kerala on the following parameters-
Location- Kerala is a state in the southwest corner of India. It is surrounded by the sea on one side and hills on the other.

Agriculture- A number of spices like pepper, cloves and cardamoms are grown on the hills.

Eating Habits- The fertile land and climate are suited to growing rice and a majority of people here eat rice, fish and vegetables.

Religions- Judaism, Islam, Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism.

Importance for the Traders- The spices of this region made it an attractive place for traders. Jewish and Arab traders were the first to come here.

Influence and importance of the travellers
  1. The Apostle of Christ, St. Thomas is believed to have come here nearly 2000 years ago and he is credited with bringing Christianity to India.
  2. Many Arab traders also came and settled down here. Ibn Battuta, who travelled here a little less than seven hundred years ago, wrote a travelogue in which he describes the lives of Muslims.
  3. The Portuguese discovered the sea route to India from Europe when Vasco da Gama landed with his ship here.
Link with China- The fishing nets used here look exactly like the Chinese fishing nets and are called cheena-vala. Even the utensil used for frying is called the cheenachatti, and it is believed that the word cheen could have come
from China.