25 December 2014

CBSE NCERT Notes: Buildings, Paintings and Books

CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Science

Buildings, Paintings and Books 

Our Rich Heritage  : Chapter Summary

Stupas are Buddhist structures built with specific features. They were dome-shaped place of worship and contained sacred remains of Buddha or any of his followers. They also had a casket in addition to being encircled with a path.
The stupas and temples were constructed more than 2000 years back and once can still find their railings and gateways decorated with beautiful sculptures and carvings. The temples were made of stones and had a place for the deity, a garbhagriha or the sanctum sanctorum and a mandapa, which is a place for the devotees to assemble for prayers.

India is famous for its temples. The craftsmen at that time were highly skillful and carved temples out from a single rock. Apart from temples, Indian paintings are also renowned across the world. Some paintings are quite well-preserved and can be found in Ajanta. The artists that time used plant and mineral extracts to paint which is the reason the paintings have survived for over 1500 years.

The ancient literature is known best for its epics. Some of the famous epics are Silappadikaram and Manimekalai in Tamil and Ramayana and Mahabharata in Sanskrit. Besides these, Puranas, meaning old are also a famous part of the ancient Indian Literature, which are written in simple Sanskrit. The poems and stories of the ordinary people were preserved in collections of Jatakas and Panchatantra.

Get to know about Buildings, Paintings and Books, free CBSE NCERT Notes, Our Rich Heritage, Chapter Summary New Questions and Ideas  : CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes, CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 12, CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer, CBSE NCERT Solution.
One can find some stories from Jatakas depicted on the railings of stupas in the Ajanta cave paintings. Puranas and Mahabharata are said to be composed by Vyasa while the sanksrit version of Ramayana is credited to Valmiki. Kalidas was another very famous epic composer who has written numerous plays in Sanskrit. The epics remained unknown until they were discovered around a hundred years ago.

Indians have greatly contributed to the field of science as well and one such example is the invention of Zero. A great astronomer and mathematician Aryabhata wrote a book called Aryabhatiyam, which explains the reason behind appearance of day and night on Earth, the explaination of eclipses and even the formula to calculate the circumference of a circle.

CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 12

Buildings, Paintings and Books 

CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer

1.Question. Match the following.

(a) Stupa                          Mound.
(b) Shikhara                     Tower.
(c) Mandapa                    Place in temples where people could assemble.
(d) Garbhagriha                Place where the image of deity is installed.
(e) Pradakshina Patha      Circular path around the stupa.

2.Question.Fill in the blanks.
(a) Aryabhata was great astronomer.
(b) Stories about goods and  goddesses are found in the epics.
(c) Valmiki is recognised as the authwor of the sanskrit Ramayana.
(d) Sitappadikar and Manimekalai  are two Tamil epics.

3.Question. Make a list of the chapter in which you find mention  of metal working. What are the metals objects mentioned or shown in those chapters?
Answer. The chapter are:
(1) In the Earliest Cities             -----------    Copper was used to make tools and weapons, gold and silver and used to make ornaments and vessels.
(2) What book & Burials Tell us   ------------  Iron tools and weapons, ornaments of gold.
(3) Kingdoms, Kings and Early Republic---------Iron or mines.
(4) Vital Villages and Thriving Towns------------ Iron tools
(5) Traders, Kings, Pilgrims ---------------------------- Gold was given as gift.  
(6) Buildings, Paintings And Books ---------------- Iron pillar, gold jewelery.

4.Question. Read the story  on page 130. In what ways is the monkey  king similar to or different from the kings you read about in chapter 6and 11?
Answer. In the story 'The monkey king' , when the monkeys found out that the king  of Varanasi wanted to kill them, the monkey king worked out a plan to save his followers. He made  a bridge across the river and all his followers crossed the bridge and were saved. However the monkey king was exhausted and fell down dying. The monkey king  believed that it his responsibility to save his people from the enemies and died in the attempt. He was a peace loving monkey.
The kings in chapter 6and 11 nbsp;
(1) Led wars of conquest to extend their empires.
(2) They had regular armies.
(3) The rulers protect the people from attacks. they. They built capitals which were fortified i.e. they had huge walls of wood or brick or stone.

5.Question. Find out more and tell a story from one of the epics.
Answer. The Ramayana contains the story of Hanuman and other monkeys. They promised to help Ram in his search of Sita. Hanuman had special powers which enables him to reach Sri Lanka, inspite of many difficulties. He found the whereabouts of Sita, who was kept in Ashok Vatika by Ravan. He also set Lanka on fire. He also brought Sanjivini herbs to treat Lakshman. He served Ram as a his faithful and devoted follower.

6.Question. List some steps that can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people.
Answer. The steps  to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people are:
(1) Construction of a ramp.
(2) The steps can be renovated, so that people may not fall on the slippery ground.
(3) Railing can be placed on the side walls of the staircase.
(4) Proper lighting system.

7.Question. Try and list as many uses of paper as you can.
Answer.  Paper can be used in many ways:
(1) It is used as a writing material,books, newspapers, etc.
(2) It is used for wrapping goods and small articles.
(3) It can be used as a packing material.
(4) In case there is an emergency and war-like situation, people are advised to cover the window panes with paper.
(5) Corrugated sheets made of paper can be made into boxes for carrying goods.

8.Question. If you could visit any one of the places described in the chapter, which would you choose and why?
Answer.If an get an opportunity to visit any one of these places, I would  plan to go to  Mahabalipuram. The main reasons are:
(a) It is built on the water front, near the Bay of Bengal.
(b) Both monolithic and structural temples are built in the same complex.
(c) The beauty of temples cannot be surpassed by others.
(d) Monolithic temples are skillfully chiseled, hewed and sculpted.
(e) Most of the temples are intact. They have not been destroyed by vagaries of time.