25 December 2014

CBSE NCERT Notes: Traders, Kings and Pilgrims

CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes of Class 6 Social Science

Vital Villages, Thriving Towns

Importance of Trade Routes : Chapter Summary

Archaeological remains always indicate that India had good trade relations with other countries. Trade routes have been the most important feature in the development of India. One of the most important trade route was the Silk Route.
It was under the control of Kushana rulers around 2000 years ago with Mathura and Peshawar being the powerful centres. Apart from trade, the route was also used to travel for exchanging ideas, culture, art and traditions.

Kanishka was one of the most famous rulers of Kushana, who was also a devotee of Buddha and ruled around 1900 years back. Buddhacharitra, a biography of Buddha was composed by Ashvaghosha, one of his courtiers. Sanskrit writings of some Budhist scholars and councils in the Kanishka kingdom led to a new form of Buddhism, called the Mahayana Buddhism.

Get to know about Traders, Kings and Pilgrims, free CBSE NCERT Notes,Importance of Trade Routes, Chapter Summary New Questions and Ideas  : CBSE / NCERT Revision Notes, CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 10, CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer, CBSE NCERT Solution.In this form, the icons which depicted Buddha in different paintings and sculptures were replaced by his statues. Somehow, the concept of Bodhisattva also changed. The monks instead of living an isolated life started travelling the world to teach and help the ordinary people, spreading Buddhism across the globe via trade route. 

Buddhism became popular in India in the western and southern parts. Many caves in the west were used by monks and tired traders to stay. Theravada Buddhism, an older form of Buddhism also spread in Thailand, Myanmar, Sri Lanka and other countries through trade routes.

At the same time, bhakti movement had also started in India, the concept of which came from the Mahabharata. Devotion to one God or Goddess without elaborate rituals started and hence painting images and making sculptures of Gods started.

CBSE NCERT Class VI (6th) | History Social Studies (Our Pasts-1) Unit Lesson : 10

Traders, Kings and Pilgrims

CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer

1.Question. Match the following :
(1) Muvendar                             ---------            Cholas, Cheras and Pandyas
(2) Lords of the dakshinapatha    ---------            Satavahana.
(3) Ashvaghosha                        ---------            Buddhacharita.     
(4) Boddhisattvas                       ---------            Mahayana Buddishm.
(5) Xuan Zang                            ---------            Chinese pilgrim

2.Question Why did the kings want to control the silk route?
Answer. The kings want to control the silk route because they could benfit from the taxes, tributes and gifts that were brought by traders travelling along the route.

3.Question. What kind of   evidence do historians use to find out about  trade  and trade routes?
Answer. The remain of merchandise like pottery, epecially bowls and plates have been found at various places. They were taken by the traders. South India was famous for gold, spices and pervious stnes Traders carried these goods to Rome in ships  across the sea and by land in carvans. Gold coins have been found at the trading posts.

4.Question. What are the main features of Bhakti?
Answer. The main features of Bhakti are:
1.  Bhakti emphasised devotion and indivdual worship of a god or goddess rather than performance of elaborate sacrifices.
2. According to this system of belief, if a devotee worship the chosen deity with a pure heart, the deity  will appear in the from in which he or she may desire.

5.Question. Discuss the reasons why the Chinese pilgrims came to India?
Answer.Pilgrims are men and women  who undertake journeys to holy places in order to offer worship. The Chinese pilgrims like Xuan-Zang came to visit places associated with the life of Buddha as well as the famous monasteries. They also spent time studying in the monasteries.  Xuan-Zang  and other pilgrims spent time studying in Nalanda (Bihar).

6.Question. why do you think ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti?
Answer.Ordinary people were attracted to Bhakti  because it was a devotion  to a particular deity, e.g. Shiva, Vishnu, etc. The people did not need to perform elaborate temple or religious ceremonies.

7.Question.  List five things that you  buy from the market. Which of these are made in  the city/village in which you live,and which are brought by traders from other areas.
Answer. I buy following things from  the market.
(a) Food grains ----------------- grown in the villages.
(b) Vegetable-------------------in the nearby areas and also from villages.
(c) Readymade garments-------made in the cities.
(d) Exercise note books and stationery goods------made in the cities.
(e) Electronic toys and mobile phones----- made in the cities.

8.Question. There are several major pilgrimages performed  by people in India today. Find out about anyone of them, and write short description. (Hint:P Who can go on the pilgrimage men and women or children? How long does it take? How do people travel? What do they take with them? What do they do when they reach the holy place? Do they bring anything back with them?)
Answer.Amarnath ki Yatra is one of the most ardous journey undertaken by the pilgrims. It is a sacred place for the Hindus. Amarnath in Himalaya has natural shivilnga made of ice. The journey is undertaken by people of all ages. It takes about 15 days from Delhi. The journey starts in the month of August. Part of the journey covered by train, other part of foot and riding on animals. The security forces have to protect the pilgrims from terrorist attacks. The pilgrims carry offerings and after bathing they offer their prayers, they start on the return journey. Very often pilgirms bring 'prasad' which is distributed among the people back home.

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