16 January 2015


CTET 2015 Exam Notes 

Audio Visual Aids/ Instructional Media/ Teaching Aids In Teaching

Audio visual material must be seen in their relationship to teaching as a whole and to the learning process as a whole, until the teacher understands the relationship between audio visual material and teaching learning process.
Audio visual materials are produced, distributed and used as planned components of educational programs. It helps the process of learning that is motivation, classification and stimulation. A.V. aids are multi-sensory materials which motivate and stimulate the individual. It makes dynamic learning experience more concrete realistic and clarity. It provides significant gains in thinking and reasoning.
Audio visual aids are sensitive tools used in teaching and as avenues for learning. These are planned educational materials that appeal to the senses of the people and quicken learning facilities for clear understanding.


1. According to Kinder S. James: Audio visual aids are any device which can be used to make the learning experience more concrete, more realistic and more dynamic.
2. According to Burton: audio visual aids are those sensory objects or images which initiate or stimulate and reinforce learning.
3. According to Carter.v.Good: audio visual aids are those aids which help in completing the triangular process of learning that is motivation, classification and stimulation.
4. According to good’s dictionary of education: audio visual aids are any thing by means of which learning process may be encouraged or carried on through the sense of hearing or sense of sight.
5. According to Edger Dale: audio visual aids are those devices by the use of which communication of ideas between persons and groups in various teaching and training situations is helped. These are also termed as multi sensory materials.

Purposes of Teaching Aids:

  • · To supplement and enrich teachers own teaching to make teaching-learning more concrete.
  • · To serve an instructional role in itself.
  • · To create interest among the group.
  • · To make teaching as an effective process.

Advantages of Teaching Aids :

1. Teaching Aids  helps in effective perceptual and conceptual learning.
2. Teaching Aids  helpful in capturing and sustaining attention of students.
3. Teaching Aids  arouses interest and motivates students to learn.
4. Teaching Aids  is helpful in new learning.
5. Teaching Aids  helps in saving energy and time of both the teacher’s and students.
6. Teaching Aids  provides near realistic experience.
7. Teaching Aids  can meet individual demands.
8. Teaching Aids  is useful in for education of masses.

AUDIO VISUAL AIDS/ INSTRUCTIONAL MEDIA/ TEACHING AIDS, CLASSIFICATION OF A.V.AIDS, PRINCIPLES FOR THE EFFECTIVE USE OF TEACHING AIDS, CTET 2015 Exam Notes, CTET 2015 Download PDF File, CTET EXAM 2015 Teaching Methodology Study Material, Online Free CTET exam Preparation.Characteristics of good teaching aids:

Teaching aids should be
Ø Meaningful and purposeful
Ø Motivates the learners
Ø Accurate in every aspect
Ø Simple and cheap
Ø Improvised
Ø  Large in size
Ø Up-to-date
Ø Easily portable


The audio – visual aids have been classified in a number of ways according to different approaches,
some are as:

1.    Technical Approach:- 

They have been classified into two types viz, audio aids and visual  aids.

a.    Audio – aids:- 

The aids involving the sense of hearing are called audio – aids e.g; radio,  tape-recorder, records player etc.

b.    Visual aids:-  

Those aids which use sense of vision are called as visual aids, e.g; models,  pictures, maps, bulletin board, slides, epidiascope, over head projector etc.

2.    According to 2nd approach, 

the audio – visual aids have been classified into two types viz;  projected and non- projected teaching aids.

a.    Projected aids:- 

Teaching aids which help in their projection on the screen are called as  projected aids. For example, film strips, slides, film projector, overhead projector, epidiascope  etc.

b.   Non –Projected aids:- 

Teaching aids which do not help in their projection on the screen are  called non-projected teaching aids. For example, chalk board, charts, actual objects, models, taps – recorder, radio etc.
Non –Projected Aids


  • · Audio visual materials should function as an integral part of the educational program.
  • · Teaching Aids should be centralized, under specialized direction and leadership in educational programs.
  • · An advisory committee consisting of representative from all areas of curriculum should be appointed to assist in selection and coordination Teaching Aids.
  • · An education program should be flexible.
  • · Teaching Aids should be carefully located to eliminate duplication, easy accessibility and convenient use.
  • · Teaching Aids should be available whenever and wherever they needed for effective utilization as an integral part of curriculum.
  • · Budget appropriations should be made regularly for a.v. education programs.
  • · Periodic evaluation to be done to assess the function of, utilization and expenditure of the program.

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