19 January 2015

Lecture Method


Lecture Method

The lecture is one of the most common teaching methods used by teachers of subjects at the secondary level. It is an example of "expository" teaching, in which the input is directly provided by the teacher who communicates the new information or process. Apart from its  major .function of giving information, it plays certain unique functions which cannot  be performed by other inanimate sources.
Firstly, the teacher may use it to motivate the students. It is through listening to lectures that students are attracted to different areas of studies in social sciences. Secondly, the teacher may use it to integrate various sources of information. The lecture follows some specific steps through which it is carried out. These are planning and delivery. The delivery of a lecture is again divided into three phases : introduction, development and consolidation.

Educational Significance:-

1. It is an economical teaching device. No laboratory, apparatus, gadgets etc are required.
2. It can be used for a very large group of students without the use of other aids.
3. It provides training to the pupils in listening and taking rapid notes.
4. It is used to achieve the cognitive and affective objectives.
5. It gives students good training and experience in the development of certain skills like learning by
hearing, writing while taking notes, attending the auditory and visual presentation.
6. It provides the opportunity to the teacher to use different techniques and methods like question –
answer technique, discussion method etc. in order to capture their attention towards the lecture.

Planning of a lecture

Unlike what is commonly believed, the lecture does require systematic planning. Planning a lecture entails a number of activities. The teacher must prepare a lesson plan for the lecture to be delivered. This contains the instructional objectives to be achieved, the amount of -content to be covered, the kinds of additional interactional modes to be used, the feedback mechanism to be used, the kinds of audio-visual aids to be used, etc. Thus, planning a lecture boosts the confidence of the teacher in handling the class. He knows in advance what to do when, and what not to do. Sometimes, the teacher can plan for humorous interludes, jokes, etc; to make the lecture more interesting.

Delivery of a lecture

Delivery of a lecture may be done in three phases as follows:

Lecture Method, Educational Significance, Planning of a lecture, Delivery of a lecture, Advantages & Disadvantages of lecture method,  CTET 2015 Exam Notes, CTET 2015 Download PDF File, CTET EXAM 2015 Teaching Methodology Study Material, Online Free CTET exam Preparation

·          Introduction of a lecture :Sometimes, the introductory phase is also called the warm­ up phase. The main task of the teacher here is to establish rapport with the students, create interest and motivation among them and gradually lead the learners to the next phase. At this stage the teacher relates the new topic to the one already taught and to the previous experience. The main function here is to arouse interest and motivate the students. The teacher also uses the blackboard or any other visual medium to highlight the theme.

·          Development phase : This is the most important phase of a lecture. The transaction of ideas and information between the teacher and the learner takes place at this phase. This is also called the presentation phase.
The teacher explains the concepts and principles, provides facts, furnishes data, quotes figures, etc., to the learners. In order to explain the content matter, the teacher cites examples, uses communication aids, gives analogies and illustrations, etc. Where required, the "teacher also adopts different non-verbal communication techniques such as gestures, postures, etc., to facilitate teaching.

·          Consolidation phase : This is the concluding phase of a lecture. Here the teacher recapitulates whatever he has explained; then summarizes the main teaching points of the lecture either verbally or by writing them on the blackboard or by using an overhead projector (OHP). The teacher also asks a few questions on the content matter covered in order to evaluate the students'. understanding of the lecture. Thus, the teacher gets to know the learning difficulties of students and accordingly modifies his teaching. The teacher also gives some assignments to the students which they are expected to complete and bring back for the teachers remarks. The teacher also informs the students what the next lecture would deal with.

Advantages of lecture method

The lecture method has certain merits for which it can be used in teaching subjects. Some of these are mentioned below:
  • Lecturing can be used to impart knowledge pertaining to all branches of subjects.
  • Lecturing is a method that can easily adapt itself to suit a wide range of personality characteristics.
  • This alternative is adaptable to a variable teacher-student ratio.
  • The lecture technique is very economical and can be made very effective with proper planning and execution.

Disadvantages of lecture method

  • It provides little scope for pupil's activity.
  • It does not take into consideration the individual differ­ences of pupils.
  • It is against the principle of 'learning by doing.'
  • It spoon feeds the students without developing their power of reasoning.
  • Speed of the lecture may be too fast for learners to grasp the line of thought.
  • An average student may not be able to fix up his attention to a lecture.
  • A lecture may become monotonous to students after a while.
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