20 January 2015

Personalised System of Instruction (PSI)


Personalised System of Instruction

The personalised system of  instruction (PSI) is another self-learning technique which emphasizes individualisation of instruction and learner-controlled  instruction. It is also known as Keller Plan and is widely used all over the world. 

This technique is called PSI because instruction is designed according to the need and ability of the student  Like  other individualised instructional methods, PSI also allows the student to move through course material at his/her own pace and requires mastery learning by him/her.

Features of PSI: 

Keller (1968) identified five main features which distinguish PSI from conventional methods of instruction. These are:

  PSI is a mastery oriented learning technique.
 It is individually paced technique of teaching-learning.
  It uses a few lectures to stimulate and motivate the students.
  It uses printed study guides to communicate information.
 It uses tutors (or a teacher like you) to evaluate attainment of the objectives by the student.

(1) The go-at-your-own pace feature, which permits a student to move through the course at a speed commensurate with his ability and other demands of his time. 

(2) The unit-perfection requirement for advance, which lets the student go ahead to new material only after demonstrating mastery of that which preceded. 

(3) The use of lectures and demonstrations as vehicles of motivation, rather than sources of critical information. 

(4) The related stress upon the written word in teacher-student communication; and finally: 

(5) The use of proctors, which permits repeated testing, immediate scoring, almost unavoidable tutoring, and a marked enhancement of the personal-social aspect of the educational process. — Fred Keller (1968).

Description of the technique: 

Personalised System of Instruction (PSI), Features of PSI, Description of the technique, CTET 2015 Exam Notes, CTET 2015 Download PDF File, CTET EXAM 2015 Teaching Methodology Study Material, Online Free CTET exam PreparationIn PSI, the student is given carefully prepared assignments which generally include programmed learning material, handouts and materials which are available in the library or at the learning resource centres. The materials include questions and exercises. The student is told about the nature of assignments. The student is also instructed about how to read and what to read. At a time, the student is expected to work on one unit only. 

The tutors (not necessarily professional teachers) ensure that the student is provided with proper reading material, remedial material and necessary help whenever he faces any difficulty. When a student thinks that he/she has completed the material, he/she can come to you. You can conduct a short quiz or test in order to evaluate the student's mastery over the material. If you are not satisfied with the performance of the student, you should ask the student to re-study the course material. If you are satisfied, you should direct the student to proceed on to the next unit. The students should not be given punishment if s(he) commits errors or secures low score/grade in the assignment. Since the student in this technique learns at his/her own rate (self-pacing) in order to meet the individual differences in learning, a multimedia approach is followed in addition to written material.

As an instructional technique, PS I has proved to be a better technique in comparison to conventional teaching. Research evidence shows that PSI facilitates better performance, increases retention and promotes transfer of training.

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