14 January 2015

The Integrated Approach


The Integrated Approach of English Teaching

The   term   ‘Integrated   Approach’   was   introduced   in   the   National Curriculum Framework, 2005 of NCERT. It is a relatively new term and there is much to be done in  developing this approach.
There are basically two approaches widely used in teaching English in India. The first is The Structural Approach. It is widely used in textbooks of many States . The other approach is the Communicative Approach. It is loosely used in the institutes providing crash course in ‘spoken English.’

The Structural Approach and the Communicative Approach are wide apart in terms of competencies they  develop. It is widely believed that the students in the Structural Approach lack fluency in speaking English in real life situations. On the other hand, students who are tutored using the Communicative Approach are fluent speakers. But what they gain in fluency, they lose in accuracy.

The Integrated Approach of English Teaching, ENGLISH PEDAGOGY Notes, CTET 2015 Exam Notes, TEACHING OF ENGLISH Study Material,
The integrated approach is presented as a bridge the gap between the two. The approach lays equal stress in all the basic skills of the language. Also, it advocates that these skills should be  provided in holistic situations, instead of linear and additive manner. In several communicative  situations, such as taking notes while listening to somebody on the phone, several skills may need  to be used together.

The  NCF  2005  requires  that  children  should  read  and  write  with understanding. Language – as a constellation of skills, thought encoders and markers of identity –  cuts across school subjects and disciplines. Speech and listening, reading and writing, are all  generalised skills, and children’s mastery over them becomes the key factor affecting success at  school. In many situations, all of these skills need to be used together. Development of life  skills such as critical thinking skills, interpersonal communication skills, negotiation/refusal skills, decision making/ problem-solving skills, and coping and self-management skills is also very  critical for dealing with the demands and
challenges of everyday life.

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