## CBSE NCERT Solved Question Answer

Q1. What is a Map?
A map is a representation or a drawing of the earth's surface or a part of it drawn on a flat surface according to a scale.

Q2. How are the maps useful?
When we want to study only a part of the earth, for eg. about our country, states, districts, towns and villages, maps are the most helpful. A map can show a small area and may contain as many facts as a big book.

Q3. What is an Atlas?
When many maps are put together we get an Atlas. Atlases are of various sizes, measurements drawn on different scales.

Q4. Name the different types of maps.
PHYSICAL MAPS, POLITICAL MAPS, THEMATIC MAPS

Q5. What is a physical map?
Maps showing natural features of the earth, such as mountains, plateaus, plains, rivers, oceans, etc. are called physical or relief maps.

Q6. What is a political map?
Maps showing cities, towns and villages, and different countries and states of the world with their boundaries are called political maps.

Q7. What is a thematic map?
Some maps focus on specific information; such as road maps, rainfall maps, maps showing distribution of forests, industries etc. are known as thematic maps.

Q8.What are three components of maps?
The three components of Maps - distance, direction and symbol.

Q9. Why is scale important on a map?
Scale is very important in any map, as if we know the scale; we will be able to calculate the distance between any two places on a map.

Q10. What is a Small Scale map?
When large areas like continents or countries are to be shown on a paper, then we use a small scale. For example S cm. on the map shows 500 km. of the ground. It is called a Small Scale map.

Q11. What is a Large-Scale map?
When a small area like your village or town is to be shown on paper, then we use a large scale that is S cm. on the map shows 500 meters only on the ground. It is called a Large Scale map.

Q12. What does an arrow with 'N' at the upper right hand corner of map denotes?
This arrow shows the northern direction. It is called the north line. When we know the north, we can find out other directions.

Q13. Name the cardinal points.
There are four major directions, North, South, East and West . They are called cardinal points.

Q14. Name the intermediate directions.
The four intermediate directions are north-east (NE), south-east (SE), south- west (SW) and north-west (NW).

Q15. What is a compass?
It is an instrument used to find out main directions. Its magnetic needle always points towards north-south direction.

Q16. What are conventional symbols?
Maps have a universal language that can be understood by all. There is an international agreement regarding the use of some symbols. These are called conventional symbols.

Q17. What is a sketch?
A sketch is a drawing mainly based on memory and spot observation and not to scale. Such a rough drawing is drawn without scale, and is called a sketch map.

Q18. What is a plan?
A plan is a drawing of a small area on a large scale. For example when we want to know the length and breadth of a room, which can't be shown in a map, we can refer drawings drawn to scale called a plan

Q19. How is globe useful?
Globe is a true model (miniature form) of the earth. On the globe, countries, continents and oceans are shown in their correct size. A globe can be useful when we want to study the earth as a whole.

Q20. What is a scale? Give example.
Scale is the ratio between the actual distance on the ground and the distance shown on the map.
For example, the distance between your school and your home is 10 km. If you show this 10 km. distance by 2 cm on a map, it means, 1 cm on the map will show 5 km. on the ground. The scale of your drawing will be 1cm = 5 km.

Q21. How are symbols on the maps important?
(i)   It is not possible to draw the actual shape and size of different features such as buildings, roads, bridges, trees, railway lines or a well on a map. So, they are shown using certain letters, shades, colours, pictures and lines.
(ii) These symbols give a lot of information in a limited space. With the use of these symbols, maps can be drawn easily and are simple to read. Even if we don't know the language of an area we can collect information from maps with the help of these symbols.
(iii) These symbols are universal language that can be understood by all as there is an international agreement regarding the use of these symbols which are called conventional symbols