9 June 2015



Since    time  honoured  the  lore  of  Yoga  was  developed  and refined by the Indian sages in search of the real-most state of human nature. In course of time that traditionally evolved system of Yoga has been a science of conciousness development and finally in modern time yoga was seen as the science of possibilities, latent within oneself and and helpful  in dealing with crucial problems of human life. 
After the popularization of health promotion potentials of Yoga practices among masses, certain other applied aspects of the yoga system, concerned with human resource development, have been remained to be substantiated scientifically. That‘s why modern educationists are taking interest in improving the quality of education with the help of yoga system. It is seriously being felt that besides the development of national strength and scientific mentality among the students, the aim of education should be the liberation of mind and soul as well.

CONVENTIONAL SCHOOL OF PHILOSOPHY YOGA, Philosophy of Education, B.ED, M.ED, NET Notes ( Study Material), PDF Notes Free Download.


It is one of the six ancient Indian philosophy other being (Nyaya, Vaisishika, Mimansa, vedanta & Sankhya).The word Yoga is derived from the word ‘YUJ‘ which means to unite or to combine or to bind yoke with the individual self with the universal self. To bring out the balance & harmony on every level viz. physical, mental & spiritual to transform human into super human.

Types of Yoga :


To attain physical, moral , mental and spiritual perfection, the following eight fold steps of yoga discipline are recommended which help in controlling and sublimating attachment which distract the body and mind:

1. Yama : It is discipline to control will-power. It includes restraint of injury to anyone through thought, word or deed. Absentism from falsehood (satya), from stealing (asteya), from passions and lust, from greed and avarice (aparigraha).

2. Niyama : it is moral culture and aims at cultivation of good habits . Individual discipline, regulates one‘s own behaviour. It leads to satisfaction .

3. Asana :it means steady & comfortable posture. Yogic posture does not involve physical strain or violence, but in turn tones up our body & mind. Reduces our fatigue, soothing nervous system and discipline of the mind.

4. Pranayama : controlling breath to win overtime, is the discipline of breath control. It aims at regulation of inhalation, retention and exhalation of breath. Not only beneficial to health but also conducive to concentration and meditation.

5. Pratyahara : controlling senses from their objects. Withdrawal of senses and turning the senses inwards.

6. Dharna :it is the discipline of fixing the mind without any modification on the object of meditation.

7. Dhyana : means meditation, the steady contemplation of the object of meditation without any break. Concentrating on a point  to reach higher self.

8. Samadhi : It is the state of mind in which contemplative conciousness disappears and has no awareness of itself.

Thus samadhi is ultimate goal of life, being in that state means being in universe. The first five are external aids to yoga while last three are internal aids. The remarkable part of vaidic literature, Kathopanishad elucidates that Yoga is a system of holistic life where all the facets of human life as well of personality get due consideration as inevitable elements of a whole system. In Bhagwad-Gita, composed by the sage Ved-Vyasa , the practical implication of Yoga in active life situations has been wonderfully elaborated. In the modern period, after having been redefined as a system of modern sciences, yoga is presently being defined as a system of personality development, transformation of consciousness and integration within the human system leading to complete well-being.

The outstanding figure of contemporary Yoga, Sri Aurobindho defined yoga as a methodical effort towards self- perfection. It is a process by which the limitations and imperfections in man are washed away which result into all round personality development at the physical , mental, intellectual emotional and spiritual levels.

There is a great relationship between holistic health and yoga has been proved by present scientists, educationists, psychologist not only in India but by the practioners all over the world.